lower case double compartment 'a' almost always appears in this form.
the only exception to version 1 above is the form of 'a' which occurs after the letter 'r'. The shoulder of 'r' may be seen in the top left of the image.
this hand is notable for the numerous finely controlled otiose strokes which are used throughout. The shape of the angular lower compartment and the degree of curve on the lead-in stroke are both subject to variation.
a different form of 'A'.
the lobe of 'd' is exactly the same height as surrounding graphs. The short angled head-stroke is at an angle of 45 degrees.
the first 'd' stands alone, the second forms a ligature with 'e'.
the scribe uses various forms of upper case letters with pen-work decoration within.
a second form of upper case 'D'.
'g' in initial position. The tail of 'g' turns on the line and finishes with a slight upward curve.
the angled head-stroke extends beyond the graph at right angles. The fine otiose stroke in the form of a tag descends from the extension and curves back on itself.
'gh' combination with extension from the lobe to join the stem of 'h'.
'h' has a forked head with fine otiose strokes of varying length forming the fork. The tail-stroke allows ample opportunity to extend to fine otiose strokes which may be looped, curled or flicked in any direction.
here 'h' is crossed when it follows 't'.
the 'ght' combination with the fine tail-stroke curved round to make contact with the following graph.
the scribe varies the shape and decoration of his upper case graphs.
modern 'r' used in all situations except after 'o'. The shaft of 'r' may be straight as here or with angled foot as in version 2.
'r' in final position. The fine otiose stroke descends vertically to beneath the graph and then loops back up.
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o'.
upper case 'R' with shadow stroke mimicking the main shaft.
long 's' finishes at the lower level of surrounding graphs. It has an angled foot as well as an angled head-stroke. Used in initial and medial positions.
8-shaped 's' with fine otiose stroke rising from the top right of the graph. Used in final position.
upper case at the beginning of a line with fine otiose stroke to finish.
initial letter of word with fine approach stroke to the first arm of the letter.
the formation of 'w' does not vary.
'W' in upper case position at the beginning of a line.
the tail of 'y' hardly exists except as a very fine stroke variously configured. The left arm of 'y' is usually straight.
as will be seen, it is difficult to find a graph which does not conform.
|F and E|
the first word of a line. The first 'f' is short and ends above the line. The second 'f' has a tail which extends backwards beneath the first graph and into the left margin.
also the first word in a line with flourish extending out into the margin from the first letter rather than the second.
amusing treatment of upper case 'E'. It looks rather like a hedgehog.
another variation of the same.
|Upper Case Letters|
the lower end of the stem of 'P' is forked. The stem of lower case 'p' is also forked. Fine parallel line decoration.
'I' with shadow stroke and fine otiose curled additions to head and tail.
shadow stroke and parallel line decoration.
parallel line decoration for the 'T' graph.
|Yogh and punctuation|
there is no example of thorn on this folio. Yogh is used as replacement for the 'y' sound at the beginning of words.
a macron used to indicate a missing 'n'.
'i' always has some kind of faint mark above, either as here a loop or just an arc. 'y' is not dotted.