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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:London, British Library, Lansdowne MS 398
Sampled Folios:80r
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Usage: and
all lower case 'a's are double compartment. The upper compartment is slightly smaller than the lower compartment.
Usage: apertelyche
sometimes the scribe uses a hairline stroke to close the head of the upper compartment.
Usage: And
upper case 'A' at th beginning of a line. Note the space left between the initial 'A' graph and the remainder of the word. The same situation occurs in Wales, Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales MS 21972D, a fragment of the Nun's Priest's Link and Tale possibly copied by Adam Pinkhurst.
Usage: And
the opening word on the folio with 'A' slightly larger but with same space between first and second letters.
Usage: doth
looped 'd' in initial position.
Usage: god
'd' in final position. None of the final 'd's on this folio have any tag attached.
Usage: biddynge
double 'd'.
Usage: swerdes
'd' in medial position. All lower case 'd's are basically the same.
Usage: god
double compartment 'g' used throughout. Here 'g' is in initial position.
Usage: lacchyng
'g' in final position with vertical tag attached to the horizontal from the head of the upper compartment.
Usage: archangeles
'g' in edial position with lower compartment slightly in advance of the upper compartment.
Usage: grownde
another 'g' in initial position.
Usage: hire
'h' in initial position.
Usage: wyth
'h' in final position.
Usage: trewthe
'h' in medial position. The extension of the stroke from the shoulder of 'h' extends in cramped style.
Usage: How
'H' at the beginning of a line with space left after the first initial letter.
Usage: rappe
long 'r' in initial position. Long 'r' is used in all positions on this folio apart from 'z'-shaped 'r' for which see version 3.
Usage: þer with
long 'r' in final position despite the following word 'with'.
Usage: for
one of only two 'z'-shaped 'r''s on this folio. This graph follows 'o', the other follows 'p' (preye).
Usage: drewery
two long 'r's in medial position.
Usage: soule
sigma 's' used exclusively on this folio in initial position.
Usage: tresores
8-shaped 's' always used in final position. The final 's' graph sometimes has an upward sloping tag as here.
Usage: gospel
long 's' used in medial positions.
Usage: Seint
possible upper case 'S' in initial position, so sigma 's' used as with lower case examples.
Usage: with
'w' in initial position. The scribes versions of this graph are consistently formed.
Usage: H ow
'w' in final position.
Usage: derworthe
'w' in medial position.
Usage: W hanne
'W' in initial position with space before the second graph. The formation of the graph is the same as for the lower case letter.
Usage: kynges
there are no examples of initial 'y' on this folio. This 'y' is the second graph in this word, separated from the initial letter by a space. Most of the scribe's 'y's are fashioned in the same way with slight variations on length of tail or tail with slight curvature. This 'y' conforms to type.
Usage: pytously
'y' in final position. Note the short tail with no return.
Usage: drewery
final 'y' with slight turn on tail.
Usage: seraphyn
'y' in medial position with very short tail.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þis
thorn used for demonstratives.
Usage: [Th]at
thorn in initial position at the beginning of a line.
Usage: kniȝtes
yogh used for the 'ght' combination.
Usage: ȝaf
used as representative of the 'y' sound.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP