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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Tokyo, Takamiya Collection MS 9
Sampled Folios:1r, 25v, 26r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced with permission of Professor Takamiya. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: a
single compartment 'a' with hairline stroke to close the head.
Usage: And
there are several versions of upper case 'A'. The lower compartment of the three examples shown here is usually square.
Usage: Astrolaby
the way the head of 'A' is presented provides the variety.
Usage: And
tall looped head-stroke in this example.
Usage: And
looped 'd' is used throughout.
Usage: addyng(es)
the lower lobe of 'd' may be triangular and closed with a fine hairline.
Usage: differens
a lower case 'd' but probably the style of the scribe's upper case letter.
Usage: fynd
'd' in final position with extended tag.
Usage: region
tailed 'g' is used throughout. Because of the angle of the descent of the tail, the letter itself appears angled. However, the body of the letter is usually in alignment with the other letters with just the angle at which the tail is sometimes set which causes the illusion. Compare with versions 2 and 3 where the tail descends more or less straight.
Usage: retrograad
here the tail of 'g' follows an extended clockwise track and curls back on itself to finish.
Usage: lygg
Usage: heyght
another example of the tilted effect.
Usage: towchyng
the stem of 'h' is thick and straight. The limb and tail-stroke curve gently clockwise and end beneath the base of the stem.
Usage: ryghtful
as with the tail of 'g', the tail of 'h' sometimes curves back counter-clockwise.
Usage: both
in the combination 'th', 'h' is often crossed.
Usage: heyȝt
'h' sometimes has a foot on the stem.
Usage: Trust
the scribe uses several versions of 'r'. Here a truly 'z'-shaped example.
Usage: Philosofre
long 'r' is also to be found.
Usage: Vmbra
the scribe's display script for headings. Modern 'r' is used rarely and when it does occur in the text it resembles 'z'-shaped 'r' and is difficult to distinguish.
Usage: Ryȝt
Usage: Lewys
kidney or 'B'-shaped 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: science
long 's' is used initially and medially. The stem is long and thick, but does taper eventually.
Usage: Sufficiant
presumably the scribe's upper case letter.
Usage: towchyng
looped 'w' is used throughout.
Usage: thow
there is a single lobe to the right.
Usage: wolt
occasionally the left arm of 'w' has an angular foot and it extends above the second element at the head.
Usage: towr
occasionally one of the loops may be left open.
Usage: thy
the tail of 'y' is frequently long and turns counter-clockwise in a wide arc.
Usage: prayer
Usage: Lewys
the 'y's on the top line of this folio all have their tails swept up and over the word itself. It also happens very occasionally in the body of the text.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þu
thorn is used rarely and mainly with superscript abbreviations.
Usage: þy
Usage: ȝeve
also used for 'ȝeff' and 'ȝiff'
Usage: heyȝt
also used for 'ryȝt'
Usage: the
the scribe has a number of different 'e's. There is often a tongue which extends out from the letter.
Usage: space
Usage: eye
the final 'e' of this word is the round 'e' which the scribe also uses.
Usage: Englische
Usage: poynt
the approach stroke to 'p' is varied but often has an angular appearance as in versions 1 and 4.
Usage: prikkis
almost a complete loop is attached to the front of the graph.
Usage: poyntis
Usage: prayer
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP