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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Bodley 414
Sampled Folios:19r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced by permission of The Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: pray
single compartment 'a' used throughout. The graph appears square and straight-sided.
Usage: Also
upper case 'A' in initial position in the line.
Usage: And
Usage: And', 'As', 'And
three upper case 'A's at beginnings of lines showing decoration as an extension of the letter in red ink. Some first letters of lines are tipped with red ink.
Usage: dede
unlooped 'd' is used throughout.
Usage: stond
very little variation in the form of this letter.
Usage: large
tailed 'g' is used throughout.
Usage: rekenyng(e-i/s)
word at the end of a line with plenty of space for an elaborate abbreviative mark.
Usage: Greet
upper case 'G' as initial letter of the line.
Usage: shuld
'h' is always set at a slight angle. The stem leans forward and head mainly open.
Usage: Here
the first letter of a line so presumably the scribe's upper case letter since all other letters at the beginning of lines are upper case. There is no visible distinction between the upper and lower case letter.
Usage: right
'gh' combination with 'h' leaning away from 'g'.
Usage: rede
this 'r', shaped like a 'v' is the one used most frequently in all positions in a word.
Usage: oure
'z'-shaped 'r' is also used frequently and is not confined to following 'o'.
Usage: right
'z'-shaped 'r' in initial position.
Usage: your
'r' in final position.
Usage: wurdis
kidney 's' used only in final position. No other type of 's' is used.
Usage: shapen
cup-shaped 's' with closing hairline used only in initial position.
Usage: stepe
long 's' used in both initial and medial positions. The graph is a thick stroke with a short taper to a fine point at top and bottom. The graph slants to the right.
Usage: seith
sometimes the head stroke curves over the next letter more than in the previous example. However, this word is on the top line of text where there is more head space.
Usage: wurdis
Usage: welcum
the 'we' at the beginning of the word.
Usage: Whan
upper case 'W' which occurs at the beginning of a line. The letter is perhaps marginally taller than the lower case one but formed in exactly the same way.
Usage: whoso
on the top line of verse hence the extended first stroke.
Usage: pley
the curve at the end of the tail of 'y' varies in the amount it is curved back. Sometimes it is more or less straight.
Usage: you
Usage: ye
on the bottom line there are three 'y's with extended tails. Even in the body of the text the tails of 'y' demonstrate a much lighter pressure on the nib.
Usage: Ye
'Y' in upper case position.
Usage: vndirstond
the initial letter of this word looks very much like kidney 's'.
Usage: vitaile
Usage: I
Usage: I
Usage: I
Usage: I
Usage: þat
the lobe of thorn is almost the same length as the stem.
Usage: þey
thorn is only used twice on this folio.
Usage: Ampersand
the only example of an ampersand on this folio.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP