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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Bodley 221
Sampled Folios:109r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced by permission of The Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: shameles
single compartment 'a' used throughout.
Usage: as
a more defined down-stroke with oval lobe connected by hairlines.
Usage: And
double compartment upper case 'A'.
Usage: And
a scribal diversion perhaps?
Usage: durste
'd' in initial position with a short curved approach stroke to the lower lobe.
Usage: amendid
the upper loop is level with, or extends back a little beyond, the lower lobe.
Usage: lorde
ligatured 'de'.
Usage: Defayle
upper case 'D' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: gesse
secretary 'g' with counter-clockwise turn on the tail. The horizontal bar continues to join the next graph.
Usage: Smylyng
'g' in final position.
Usage: kyng
'g' with tag in final position.
Usage: Antigonie
a 'g' in the marginal gloss added in the hand of the scribe. The line at the base of the image is an underline and not part of the graph. The tail of 'g' does not turn back on itself in this example.
Usage: hym
the scribe's regular 'h' with minimal extension of limb to tail.
Usage: he
the head-loop is rounded, the limb is short.
Usage: such
'h' is crossed after 'c' and 't' on this folio.
Usage: He
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line. The tail extends beneath the stem which sports an approach stroke to the graph. The head-stroke is visibly an add-on.
Usage: rep(re)fe
'z'-shaped 'r' used much of the time in all positions; here in initial position.
Usage: ferr
long 'r' is selected occasionally, here in final position with flourish, probably to represent a missing final 'e'.
Usage: Affricani
modern 'r' in the marginal gloss. A squat down-stroke with detached head.
Usage: Rep(re)ffe
upper case 'R' with arching approach stroke which begins well out in the left margin.
Usage: small
again, a visible approach-stroke to the stem of long 's' which is used in initial and medial positions.
Usage: cas
kidney 's' is used in final position only.
Usage: Regis
a rogue sigma 's' in the marginal gloss in final position.
Usage: Smylyng
upper case 'S' at the beginning of the line.
Usage: whan
cursive 'w' with single lobe at the right.
Usage: aunswerde
Usage: wikkedly
a curving approach stroke is common where 'w' is the initial letter.
Usage: Whedir
'W' in upper case position at the beginning of a line.
Usage: Smylyng
'y' is consistently formed. In this example the junction of left and right limbs occurs at the lower level of the surrounding graphs.
Usage: syre
the tail of 'y' is usually no more than a wavey line with a neatly contained curve.
Usage: curteyne
Usage: sodanly
the scribe often begins the second stroke from the top of the first. The two limbs do not always connect.
Usage: þt þe
thorn has a curved tapering stem with lobe beginning just below the head. Thorn is used on this folio only for abbreviations of articles and pronouns.
Usage: þer(abbreviation)
the abbreviative marks or superscript letters sit above the graph and slightly to the right.
Usage: þi
Usage: þu
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Of
Usage: The
Usage: I
Usage: Cradebly
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP