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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:NewYork, NY, Pierpont Morgan Library & Museum MS M 818
Sampled Folios:16v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:With permission of the Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, New York . All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: make
the scribes uses both single and double compartment versions of this graph. The upper lobe of anglicana 'a' stands above the level of surrounding graphs on most occasions.
Usage: bagges
single compartment 'a' which is used alongside the double compartment version.
Usage: many
another example of the idiosyncratic proportions of this scribe's graphs.
Usage: And
upper case 'A' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: dar(e)
'd' in initial position. This example has an oval lower lobe but the scribe also has a more angular version.
Usage: Clothid
'd' in final position.
Usage: bedd
'd' in final position at the end of a line with added flourish.
Usage: gode
'd' in the middle of a word with more angular lobe abd loop arching back over the previous graph.
Usage: gospel
anglicana 'g' is used throughout.
Usage: glotony
there are a few peculiar 'g' graphs on this folio. Here 'g' is set on the line so stands above other graphs in the word. There are other examples of the same feature on this folio.
Usage: beggers
again the bottom compartment of the double 'g's are set at the level of the lower part of the lobe of the initial 'b' graph.
Usage: Glosyd
upper case 'G' at the beginning of a line. The vertical stroke descending through the left side of the graph is the down-stroke from the 'P' above.
Usage: hepys
'h' is fairly evenly copied.
Usage: Welch
'h' in final position. Probably the only 'h' graph on this folio which has the tail descending from the shoulder turning in a counter-clockwise direction.
Usage: Walsingh(a)m
'h' following 'g' still more or less of similar formation to version 1.
Usage: foughten
an example of 'h' in the 'ght' combination which is crossed. The 'g' graph is worth looking at for its precise stroke formation.
Usage: rybaudry
long 'r' used in all positions except after 'o'.
Usage: after
'r' in final position with tiny tag which is not necessarily present where 'r' is in final position. This line is followed by a punctus, but this is the only example.
Usage: freris
two typical long 'r's in this example.
Usage: For
'z'-shaped 'r' after 'o'.
Usage: semyth
sigma 's' in initial position.
Usage: slep(e)
long 's' in initial position.
Usage: bagges
sigma 's' in final poition.
Usage: Slouth
upper case 'S' as the first graph in the line.
Usage: with
'w' in initial position. The scribe forms 'w' evenly. It always stands above following graphs.
Usage: godwote
the scribe joins two words, seemingly continuing the 'd' of 'god' onto the 'w' of 'wote'.
Usage: trowe
'w' in medial position. 'w' is a graph which stands above surrounding graphs.
Usage: Went
upper case 'w' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: sayntes
shape of the 'y' graph. The difficulty with this scribe is that his thorn graph is almost identical with 'y'.
Usage: fantesy
dotted 'y' in final position. It seems that the scribe regularly dots 'y' in final position.
Usage: Ermytes
'y' in medial position.
Usage: lykyd
two more of the scribe's 'y's for scrutiny.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þat
the thorn graph is very much like the 'y' graph. Thorn does have a small lead-in stroke to the left arm.
Usage: ȝede
yogh appears only once on this folio. It would be worth analysing this scribe's usage of thorn and yogh because he may be at the cusp of scribes moving from ancient graphs to more modern versions.
Usage: þe
the scribe constantly reproduces 'the' in this way with thorn and superscript 'e' to finish.
Usage: (Thorn)at
thorn in upper case position at the beginning of a line.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP