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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:London, College of Arms MS Arundel XLV (45)
Sampled Folios:118v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: as
the scribe has a mixed hand. Here a double compartment 'a' with open head and hairline connector.
Usage: alle
single compartment 'a' is used in equal proportion.
Usage: As
Usage: A
the use of this upper case 'A' with variation in the lead-in stroke is consistent on the folio examined.
Usage: dance
looped 'd' with lower lobe either squared as here or rounded as in version 2.
Usage: And
Usage: stonde
'de' frequently forms a ligature.
Usage: dede
both square and rounded lobe may be seen in this example.
Usage: gentilesse
'g' is double compartment but not always neatly executed. The graph is 8-shaped with the head of the upper compartment often left open.
Usage: thing
'g' in final position often attracts a tag. Both upper and lower compartments are joined with hairline strokes.
Usage: thoghte
Usage: vnderfonge
'g' is set high with top compartment frequently above the level of surrounding graphs.
Usage: heue
'h', whether upper or lower case is consistently formed.
Usage: seileth
the graph is set at a slight slant.
Usage: þoght
Usage: How
upper case graph at the beginning of a line does not differ from the lower case one.
Usage: drede
the scribe uses a mixture of both long and modern 'r' with no particular preference as to position.
Usage: were
Usage: labourer
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o'. Long 'r' is used in final position with fork at the base of the graph.
Usage: Riȝt
Usage: selue
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
Usage: as
kidney-shaped 's' is used in final position.
Usage: Soch
the scribe has two versions of upper case 'S', a sigma version as here and a more serpentine 's' as in version 4.
Usage: So
Usage: wax
'w' is looped at the head with single lobe to the right.
Usage: weye
the strokes used to form the 'w' are frequently visible as separate strokes.
Usage: throwe
Usage: Whiche
exactly the same formation for the upper case graph.
Usage: by
the tail of 'y' may be straight as in this version.
Usage: compaynie
the tail of 'y' may have a slight flick counter-clockwise.
Usage: my
the tail of 'y' may also have a deep curve counter-clockwise as in this example.
Usage: soty
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þoght
thorn is used throughout but there is no consistency as to its use.
Usage: thenkþ
Usage: Riȝt
yogh is also used frequently but again 'gh' may equally well be used as yogh.
Usage: for ȝete
Upper Case Letters
Usage: That
Usage: I
Usage: But
Usage: Of
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP