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Current Manuscript:Cambridge, St John's College MS E. 2 (105)
Sampled Folios:6r, 17v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced by kind permission of the Master and Fellows of St John's College, Cambridge. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: a middes
double compartment 'a' is used throughout. In this example there is a small horn at the head.
Usage: And
one of several versions of upper case 'A'. The square lobe is large.
Usage: Ad
Latin rubric in green ink.
Usage: Aries
a different version of 'A'
Usage: meridionall
looped 'd' used throughout. The lobes of most 'd's are small.
Usage: diuided
a pointed lobe for 'd' occurs several times on this folio.
Usage: cognoscend
'd' in final position with tag for abbreviation of the Latin word.
Usage: a middes
Usage: amonge
the scribe uses a tailed 'g' where the tail is not linked back to the upper compartment.
Usage: among
'g' as the final letter. The formation of this 'g' is like version 1 but here the scribe has made a connecting stroke between the upper and lower elements of the graph.
Usage: degree
a double compartment graph.
Usage: longe
a tailed 'g' with tail which moves to the right away from the upper lobe, then turns clockwise and travels beneath the graph as a horizontal stroke.
Usage: ryȝth
whilst the stems of 'h' are generally similar, the heads vary. Here 'h' has angular head-loop which grazes the shoulder as it returns to the stem.
Usage: wheche
in this version, the stem is very upright and the loop crosses the stem above the level of the shoulder.
Usage: nyȝth
just a small curl at the top of the stem at the head of this graph.
Usage: very
long 'r' and modern 'r' are both used by this scribe.
Usage: nadir
Usage: bordo(ur)
'z'-shaped 'r' follows 'o'.
Usage: Ryng
Usage: as
sigma 's' in final position.
Usage: nu(m)bres
a cross between kidney and 8-shaped 's' in final position.
Usage: Sagittari(us)
the head of long 's' is separate in this example.
Usage: sygne
Usage: wheche
'w's are consistently formed with 'B'-shaped element to the right.
Usage: wiþ
Usage: be twen
Usage: will
there is a tendency on some 'w' graphs to shorten the left limb. The connection between left and middle arms is made half way down the middle stroke.
Usage: lytyl
'y' is often two thick parallel strokes. The tail is a very fine line which descends to the left and then turns counter-clockwise and retraces the line of the descending stroke.
Usage: ys
Usage: vndyr
Usage: almury
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þe
thorn used frequently for all the usual words as well as occasionally replacing 'th'.
Usage: boþe
Usage: oriȝont
yogh is used to represent the plural 'z' sound.
Usage: ryȝht
it is also used as representative of the 'gh' sound.
l, b, k, s
Usage: almury
the stems of tall letters often have a detached head stroke.
Usage: bordo(ur)
Usage: prikkes
Usage: same
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP