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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Cambridge, Cambridge University Library, Additional 4325
Sampled Folios:45r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: awey
double compartment anglicana 'a' used throughout. The impression of the folio is of a squarish hand.
Usage: a
a head-stroke set almost at a right angle squares off the head.
Usage: Abraham
(first 'A')
Usage: And
most upper case 'A's are slight variations on this type.
Usage: deore
'd' is mostly looped. This example is dumpy and squat with open inside because of unfinished stroke for the loop.
Usage: goud
unlooped 'd' is also used occasionally.
Usage: gondus
Usage: Dereworþe
upper case 'D' with added stroke to left outside the graph and reciprocal stroke going in the opposite direction within the graph itself.
Usage: gret
'g' is double compartment and 8-shaped.
Usage: kyng
the lower compartment is often smaller than the upper compartment. 'g' in final position often has a short diagonal tag.
Usage: Sprynguþ
Usage: leng(er)
a very distinctive 'er' abbreviation to follow 'g'.
Usage: he
again a squat graph with short stem and barely any tail tapering from the limb.
Usage: hadde
the graph appears tilted.
Usage: phylosophrus
(second 'h')
Usage: How
an upper case version of the graph.
Usage: roote
long 'r' is used in all positions throughout.
Usage: her
'r' in final position, flourished perhaps to indicate a missing final 'e'. The graph forks at the base.
Usage: lord
on the folio examined, 'z'-shaped 'r' only follows 'o'.
Usage: Raþ(er)
Usage: sotylen
8-shaped 's' is used in both initial and final positions.
Usage: was
Usage: couetyse
the stem of long 's' is very short, ending at the lower level of surrounding graphs giving the script a boxy, square appearance.
Usage: So
an angular '8'-shaped upper case 'S'.
Usage: was
again another graph which is very square in appearance. The separate head stroke above the 'B'-shaped element makes for an odd appearance for this graph.
Usage: how
the short head stroke from the middle limb curls over to close on top of the 'B'-shaped element. The effect is of three separate layers to the right side.
Usage: wt
Usage: Worþyour
Usage: ys
the fork of 'y' always comes at the lower level of surrounding graphs. The tail is often short and straight and leaves the fork at a forty-five degree angle.
Usage: many
Usage: rychesse
Usage: Ioye
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: spreduþ
thorn is short and squat also. The stem is thick and does not extend much below the level of surrounding graphs.
Usage: þe
thorn is used frequently for all the usual words as well as for verb endings and replacement 'th' in other words.
Usage: ȝut
yogh is used frequently also. It may be equivalent to both 'y' and 'gh'.
Usage: bryȝtnesse
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
some interesting shapes for the upper case graphs shown here.
Usage: Passus
squat upper case 'P' with short descender.
Usage: In
Usage: By
Latin underlinings
Usage: An odd red 'B' shape at the end of this Latin gloss underlined in red.
Usage: Arrows in red ink to point to the single word 'Passus' which then serves for both Explicit and Incipit.
Usage: Blue Lombard initial with red flourishing.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP