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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Royal 17 D.XIX
Sampled Folios:2r, 40v, 53v, 81v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced with permission of The British Library. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: that
double compartment 'a' is used almost all the time.
Usage: man
Usage: and
very occasionally the scribe uses a single compartment 'a'.
Usage: And
upper case 'A' usually has a squarish lower lobe.
Usage: dignyte
an angular lobe which here appears triangular, with looped top.
Usage: sad
not all the scribe's 'd's are as angualr as in version 1.
Usage: godde
Usage: Do
upper case 'D' with 2-shaped element preceding.
Usage: gracious
the very angular double compartment 'g'.
Usage: tremblyng
sometimes the tail of 'g' curves like a wave beneath the graph.
Usage: though
the 'gh' combination.
Usage: God
upper case 'G'.
Usage: than
on some folios there is almost no extension from the limb of 'h' which ends at the same level as the bottom of the stem.
Usage: han
here the head-stroke is rounder and the limb extends to a tail-stroke which ends below the line and in line with the base of the stem.
Usage: biddyth
'h' is sometimes crossed when in combination with 't'. The 'ght' combination is not treated in the same way.
Usage: His
an upper case letter with hooked horizontal extension to the left of the stem. There is a pronounced foot on the stem.
Usage: rere
modern 'r' is used in all positions except after 'o'. Long 'r' is also used occasionally.
Usage: hir
on some folios the scribe has a tendency to raise his pen from the parchment to form a separate head stroke which is placed to the right, half way down the stem.
Usage: forward
z'-shaped 'r' is used infrequently. If used at all it follows 'o', but modern 'r' is used in this position also.
Usage: Remembreþ
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: gracious
on some folios, kidney 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: peples
on other folios the scribe has a preference for sigma 's' in final position. On yet other folios there is a mixture.
Usage: stille
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. The graph may have a head stroke which presents as a sharp point at the top of the graph. On other folios, the head-stroke is rounded.
Usage: Shall
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: wolde
again the scribe varies his graphs on different folios. It might be concluded that sections were copied at different times. The 'w' here is fairly consistent earlier in the manuscript. There are obvious places where text has been added in spaces left and the scribe's hand changes in size to fill out the space.
Usage: Now
the middle arm of the graph is consistently above the left arm but here the top loop is left open and the left element has a small foot at the base.
Usage: whom
here the left side has become a loop almost at right angles to the body of the graph.
Usage: What
upper case 'W' with more pronounced left side.
Usage: hy
the tail of 'y' may be short and straight or end in a small flick as here. The fork of the graph is generally at the lower level of surrounding graphs.
Usage: dignyte
sometimes the tail of 'y' appears with a more usual curve as here. The graph may or may not be dotted.
Usage: ye
almost no tail on this example.
Usage: Your
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: wynneþ
thorn is used infrequently. It is mostly used for verb endings as here. The stem is short and squat.
Usage: þan
occasional use in adjectival or adverbial contexts.
Usage: ȝowe
yogh is also used rarely on the folios examined.
Usage: ȝoure
yogh only seems to be used as equivalent to 'y'.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: That
this twisted form of 'T' appears several times on the first folio of the manuscript.
Usage: No
Usage: Soche
Usage: Profit
an upper case 'P' which could be easily identifiable as an individual graph if found elsewhere.
Upper Case I
Usage: In
all these different examples of upper case 'I' are found on a single folio.
Usage: I
Usage: Idel
Usage: In
More Upper Case Letters
Usage: Besechyng
an unusual 'B' with an extra central vertical line which separates the 2-shaped element at the front from the 'B'-shaped element to finish.
Usage: And
Usage: That
Usage: Off
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP