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Current Manuscript:Liverpool, University Library F.4.8
Folios:1-102 (paginated)
Sampled Folios:Page 174
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: al
the scribe's double compartment 'a's are consistently formed with flat hairline head-stroke and thick down-stroke to the right which are sometimes gently curved at head and foot.
Usage: and
the upper compartment is sometimes very angular, appearing as a triangle.
Usage: And
one of the scribe's upper case 'A's with freely waving head- stroke.
Usage: And
the head-stroke and down-stroke form a right angle. The curving stroke which forms the lower part of the upper compartment is not always attached. The lower compartment is formed as a rectangle with two hairline strokes joined by a thick stroke set at an angle.
Usage: derly
'd' is consistently formed with an angular lower lobe and a more rounded loop above.
Usage: qd
in the 'quod' abbreviation, the down-stroke of the loop is continued to curve down beneath the graph.
Usage: myddys
Usage: dremed
'd' in final position with triangular lobe and a waisted appearance as loop meets lobe. Several other 'd's in final position in a line may have a tag as seen on the 'd' in 'quod', but it is difficult to be certain because they disappear into the gutter.
Usage: grace
there are very few examples of 'g' on this folio. Each example is a double compartment graph.
Usage: kyng
an example of 'g' in final position.
Usage: kyng
another final 'g' from the second use of 'kyng'.
Usage: Ergo
use of 'g' in a Latin word.
Usage: his
'h' in initial position. The stem is generally upright with rounded head-stroke which grazes the top of the shoulder.
Usage: with
the tail of 'h' frequently extends in a sweep beneath an entire word.
Usage: ihu
Usage: His
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line. It is exactly the same as the lower case version.
Usage: riȝt
modern 'r' used throughout except after 'o' and a few other round-bodied graphs.
Usage: Patriarkes
the second 'r' in this example has degenerated to become a 'v'-like graph.
Usage: for
'z'-shaped 'r' is casually formed.
Usage: Resoun
the upper-case version of the graph.
Usage: solaced
sigma 's' used in initial and final positions. Long 's' used as an initial letter very occasionally.
Usage: cros
sigma 's' in final position.
Usage: hardinesse
long 's' is used invariably within a word.
Usage: armes
this word is at the end of a line. The final sigma 's' has a longer than usual extension into the right margin.
Usage: with
'w' is fairly uniform and usually has a straight left limb with the middle loop standing above the level of first and final elements.
Usage: þow
Usage: knowen
a variant 'w' in the middle of a word. The left limb is not the usual straight line.
Usage: Whi
upper case 'W' at the beginning of a line does not vary from the lower case version.
Usage: hym
the left limb is usually a tapering stroke running vertically to the lower level of the graphs where the sloping second stroke creates the fork.
Usage: day
'y' in final position and a longer than usual tail which descends at an angle before turning counter-clockwise.
Usage: myȝt
a very curtailed tail-stroke in this example.
Usage: sodeynly
two examples of 'y' in this word. The long tails tangle with the words on the line below.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þe
thorn is used regularly for the definite article, adjectives and pronouns. It is used occasionally as a replacement 'th' as in the word 'worþi'.
Usage: Þow
a thorn at the beginning of a line.
Usage: kniȝt
yogh is always used as representing 'gh'.
Usage: plouȝman
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
upper case 'T' with unusual diagonal hairline within and a half stroke descending from the middle of it into the 'V'-shape formed by the curve of the stem.
Usage: Patriarkes
upper case 'P' with the head of a blue paragraph mark crossing through the graph.
Usage: Is
upper case 'I' which is variously formed.
Usage: Bot
a distinctive upper case 'B'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP