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Current Manuscript:Oxford, Balliol College MS 354
Folios:Extract of Confessio Amantis, ff55-96 (pages 113-195)
Sampled Folios:page 113
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Usage: all
used throughout as the majority form but closely followed by the double compartment graph.
Usage: all
double compartment 'a' frequently used where 'a' begins the word or stands alone as the indefinite article. The scribe uses a mixture of upper and lower case graphs for other letters also.
Usage: asked
Usage: Antiochus
the upper case 'A'.
Usage: dayes
looped 'd' is used throughout. The graph is generally of rounded appearance.
Usage: cleped
'd' in final position with trailing tag extension of the loop-stroke.
Usage: drede
Usage: Deffende
the upper case graph.
Usage: goth
the scribe uses a variety of 'g's. This form is used when 'g' is in initial position.
Usage: lykyng
in final position the 'g' has a lower compartment and appears to lean forwards.
Usage: sowght
tailed secretary 'g' is used in this combination.
Usage: ligh
Usage: had
'h' has a looped head, a long curving limb-stroke and often a tail-stroke which loops back and makes contact with the following graph.
Usage: With
Usage: thus
the graph has become almost a straight line with loops at top and bottom.
Usage: Howe
the upper case graph.
Usage: frele
long 'r' is used throughout in all positions.
Usage: flowr
'r' forks at the bottom and the right limb curves up and arches back over the top of itself.
Usage: fortune
'z'-shaped 'r' follows 'o'.
Usage: Rede
Usage: suche
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. The stem of 's' is thick, the head is a crook.
Usage: is
sigma 's' is used in final position.
Usage: neverthelesse
the two long 's's splay out.
Usage: She
the upper case version.
Usage: which
Usage: Thorow
the left limb of 'w' is long and towers over preceding graphs.
Usage: Devowreth
both 'v' and 'w' may be seen in this word.
Usage: With
upper case 'W' is no different from the graph in version 1 except perhaps for a longer approach stroke to the left limb.
Usage: yonge
the left limb of 'y' is a vertical line. The stroke at the right curves round and may or may not connect to form a fork. The tail-stroke is fine and descends as an oblique line to the left before turning counter-clockwise.
Usage: they
the tail turns and continues horizontally.
Usage: yf
the tail turns counter-clockwise and ascends to link with the following graph.
Usage: maydynhede
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þe
the only thorn on the folio used for the abbreviation of the definite article.
Usage: chroniqȝ
yogh used for the plural element in this word.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: But
Usage: That
Usage: Owt
Usage: Tyre
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP