single compartment lower case 'a' is used throughout. The scribe's hand is neat and the graphs are evenly formed.
the head is either left open as here or formed as a closed loop shown in version 4.
'd' is almost always looped.
a single rogue appearance of unlooped 'd' ligatured with 'e'.
upper case 'D' tipped with red at the beginning of a line.
a lozenge-shaped upper lobe on this double compartment 'g'. The lower lobe does not always connect with the upper lobe but may be joined by a hairline.
'g' in final position often has a vertical tag attached as also final 't' and 'f'.
the hairline stroke completing the upper compartment is not easily visible in some examples.
the head-loop rests on the shoulder. The limb may appear straight as in this example or may be slightly kinked as in versions 2 and 3.
the limb often has a slight bend. The tail-stroke then continues as a fine stroke which may turn to right or left.
no difference between upper and lower case graphs. The shoulder is high in this example and matches the lower case example in version 1.
modern 'r' is used in all positions except where 'z'-shaped 'r' is used.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after some vowels and also after some round-bodied graphs. A straight otiose stroke extends at an angle from the lower left side of this graph.
long 's' with winged shaft is used in initial and medial positions.
kidney-shaped 's' is used in final position.
long 's' in medial position.
upper case 'S' tipped with red.
the looped head of 'w' stands rather higher than surrounding graphs.
again there is no distiction between upper and lower case graphs.
the two limbs of 'y' do not always connect as a fork. They both descend vertically and the right arm turns to form a squared-off base to the two limbs. The stroke then continues to a tail which turns counter-clockwise to finish.
'y' is sometimes dotted.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is an angular graph.
thorn is used frequently in all the usual places and also as replacement 'th'.
yogh is used as equivalent of 'y' but not 'gh'.
|Upper Case Letters|