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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:England, London, British Library MS Harley 4789
Sampled Folios:1r, 22v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: name
a' is always double compartment. The scribe's graphs are not consistently formed so there is variation in the size of upper and lower compartment.
Usage: al
the down-stroke on the right side of 'a' is either straight, as in this example, or with slight curve at the top as in version 1.
Usage: And
upper case 'A' is usually formed as in this example.
Usage: AmeN
in the scribe's more formal script for incipits etc, the lower lobe of 'A' is squared off.
Usage: dyu(er)site
'd' is always looped with varying degrees of backward extension.
Usage: y sode
a more rounded version.
Usage: disposed
(first 'd') when 'd' is in initial position the loop may be more exaggerated.
Usage: Denys
upper case 'D' with parallel line decoration.
Usage: game
'g' is always double-lobed, often with a small overhang at the right extremity of the lower lobe.
Usage: feltyng
the horizontal extension to the right of the upper lobe is not always smoothly executed as may be seen here and in version 1. The lower lobe varies in shape with both vertical and horizontal splay.
Usage: chau(n)gyng
the horizontal extension, which is a consistent addition to the 'g' graph, may interfere with the spacing of the graphs in a word.
Usage: Galien
upper case 'G' with single vertical line bisecting the graph.
Usage: helpe
there is little variation in the 'h' graph.
Usage: his
the tail always follows a clockwise curve beneath the graph. It may be shorter as in version 1 or slightly longer as in this example.
Usage: haue
the stem is sometimes shorter with head-stroke hastily applied.
Usage: H(?)umour
there may not be any distinction between the scribe's upper and lower case graphs of 'h'.
Usage: rede
the stem of 'r' is usually straight and the shoulder is detached. Modern 'r' is used in all positions except after 'o' and 'e'.
Usage: humour
'r' in final position.
Usage: schortliche
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o' and 'e'. It may or may not have an otiose stroke extending from the lower left of the graph in a straight line.
Usage: CRoys
upper case 'R' as the second graph in the word.
Usage: sup(er)fluytees
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. The fine approach stroke to the left of the stem is sometimes visible, as it is here.
Usage: ys
8-shaped 's' is always used in final position except for variations as seen in version 3.
Usage: philosofres
where 's' is at the end of a line, and occasionally where it is the final letter of a word within the line, the scribe does not resolve the upper lobe, but extends the head stroke out into the margin ending with upward sweep.
Usage: Stille
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: was
all 'w's are basically the same shape but with different treatment of the tops of the two limbs.
Usage: water
there is no distinction between the upper and lower case versions of this graph.
Usage: wtoute
the scribe frequently shortens 'with'.
Usage: what
a less careful rendering of the graph.
Usage: clepyd
variation in 'y' is only in the length of the tail-stroke.
Usage: wey
Usage: kynde
the scribe appears to have flattened his nib to make the thicker extension to the tail.
Usage: y loste
past participle prefixed by 'y' although with a wide space between 'y' and 'l'. The tail trails up to the 'l' as if to emphasise that they are part of the same word.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: seiþ
thorn is used on almost every occasion to replace 'th'.
Usage: þinges
the stem is not long and has a slight curve at the top.
Usage: ȝeueþ
yogh is also used frequently.
Usage: nouȝt
Upper Case Letters
Usage: If
upper case 'I' with single blob to the left of the upper stem.
Usage: Of
double parallel lines decorate 'O'.
Usage: Now
a single diagonal slash across upper case 'N'.
Usage: Place
a dot within the lobe of 'P'.
Decorative Features
Usage: Running title at the top of the folio, by the scribe and preceded by a gold paraph with purple flourishing.
Usage: A catchword enclosed in a scroll.
Usage: Historiated initial to begin the text of a monk with what may have been a book in his hands.
Usage: Penwork flourished initial.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP