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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Cambridge, Trinity College R.3.22 (602)
Folios:1-110 and 111-210
Sampled Folios:111r, 126v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: a
double compartment anglicana 'a' used throughout. The down-stroke is frequently set at an oblique angle.
Usage: man
the down-stroke is sometimes angled at the top and the lower compartment may be oval in shape.
Usage: another
Usage: Allas
an example of the upper case graph.
Usage: dare
the 'd' graph usually has a sharp point to the left side of the lower lobe with hairline finishing stroke to close the lobe.
Usage: hadde
Usage: feynted
'd' in final position occasionally has an added long vertical tag which then turns counter-clockwise.
Usage: and
a smoother, rounder version of 'd'.
Usage: gentil
'g' is usually a double compartment graph, although see version 3. The lower compartment tends to be rather bigger than the upper compartment.
Usage: 'nyghte
the lower compartment sometimes has a more lateral spread.
Usage: gastnesse
the single example of secretary 'g' on the folios examined.
Usage: þing
occasionally final 'g' is tagged. Here the tag, similar to the one on final 'd', continues to form a virgule, a form of punctuation used frequently by this scribe.
Usage: hem
'h' is evenly formed with a graceful loop at the head.
Usage: hadde
the limb and tail-stroke are usually neatly contained below the graph, but occasionally, as here, the stroke continues in a clockwise direction, ending just below the base of the stem.
Usage: putteth
'h' after 't' is frequently crossed.
Usage: Helpe
a distinctive upper case 'H' with scooped stroke angling down from the head and a small curved curl added above.
Usage: reporte
modern 'r' is used in all positions.The shoulder is frequently separate from the main down-stroke rather than the 'v'-shaped version seen here.
Usage: riȝte
long 'r' is also in the scribe's repertoire and on some folios is used more consistently than modern 'r'.
Usage: fadris
'z'-shaped 'r' is also used frequently, not only after most vowels but also after round-bodied graphs.
Usage: Richer
Usage: sumtyme
sigma-style 's' in initial position. Sigma 's' is also used in final position and the scribe varies his selection of 's' graph to no apparent pattern.
Usage: allas
kidney-shaped 's' in final position.
Usage: sighte
long 's' in initial position. The head may be set almost at right-angles to the stem as here, or it may be smoothly curved.
Usage: So
upper case 'S' with traces of double parallel line decoration.
Usage: were
'w' is evenly formed. The left limb is usually separate from the middle down-stroke.
Usage: how
the 'B'-shaped element is always present at the right.
Usage: wt(superscript}
abbreviation of 'with'.
Usage: Wiche
there is no discernible difference between upper and lower case graphs of 'W'.
Usage: many
the fork of 'y' is usually level with the lower line of the scribe's writing.
Usage: floury
the tail of 'y' is variable in length.
Usage: trobuly
occasionally 'y' is dotted.
Usage: hyue
here the tail of 'y' continues to join with the next graph.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þe
thorn is used frequently for definite articles, pronouns and demonstratives.
Usage: þanne
the stem of thorn is thick but tapers as it descends. There is usually an approach stroke to the stem and the lobe is set mid-way down the shaft.
Usage: ȝouthe
yogh is used as both equivalent to 'y' and also to 'gh'.
Usage: riȝte
Upper Case Letters
Usage: That
a very interesting current form of 'T'.
Usage: Off
sometimes the left side of certain upper case graphs are serrated.
Usage: Now
'N' with 2-shaped element to begin and pronounced feet at line level.
Usage: Pite
upper case 'P' with vertical line to separate lobe from stem.
More Upper Case Letters
Usage: Of
double parallel line decoration.
Usage: If
'I's are distinctive with head loop which is almost, but not quite closed. Either one or several short horizontal bars cross the stem.
Usage: Bi
'B' with 2-shaped element to precede.
Usage: Ne
a simpler version of upper case 'N'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP