lower case 'a' is consistent throughout the manuscript.
an upper case 'A' from the first section of the manuscript. There are very similar 'A's in all three sections.
in the third portion of the manuscript the scribe has a much more angular formation of some graphs. This 'A' is rare as being more like the 'A's of the first and second sections.
versions of this 'A' are most usual in the third section of the manuscript.
'd' with tag from f3r. Lower case 'd' in all parts of the manuscript are very similar.
'd' with tag from f155r.
combination of 'd's from f155r. 'd' is waisted with small lower compartment and long loop.
'd' from f3r.
Usage: to geder
tailed 'g' on f3r. All the scribe's lower case 'g's are of secretary formation with squarish bowl topped by a horizontal line. All three sections of the manuscript use the same form.
the 'ght' combination from f3r. The tail of 'g' turns sharply clockwise at almost 90 degrees and forms a horizontal line beneath the graph.
'ght' combination on f155r.
upper case 'G' from f100v. The hand begins to take on a more angular appearance and upper case graphs may vary from those used in the first section.
typical formation of 'h'.
in the 'th' combination, 'h' is usually crossed as here on f3r.
crossed 'h' on f100v.
upper case 'H' in flamboyant style on f155r.
the scribe uses modern 'r' in all positions except after 'o', 'e' and round-bodied graphs where 'z'-shaped 'r' is used.
this type of flourish on final 'r' may be found on each folio examined.
'z'-shaped 'r' nearly always has an otiose stroke extending from the bottom left corner of the graph.
at the beginning of the manuscript, sigma 's' is used exclusively in initial position. As the manuscript progresses, long 's' is also used in initial position.
long 's' is sometimes used in initial position but is usually reserved for medial positions. 's' of kidney shape is always used in final position, sometimes appearing more as a 6-shaped graph.
an example of an upper case 'S' from the beginning of the manuscript. It is unusual because of the curled extension which descends from the lower part of the graph.
this example is taken from a folio which appears at first sight to be in a different hand. The curl beneath 'S', although faint, may be seen here also.
this form of 'w' is used exclusively at the beginning of the manuscript.
this is the single example of a different style of 'w' on the folio which otherwise uses exclusively version 1. The fact that the scribe has a different 'w' in his repertoire makes it easier to accept that the whole manuscript is in the same hand but with a different selection of graphs at different times.
this example is taken from f100v in the middle of the manuscript. This is the only version of the 'w' graph on this folio. However, it is sufficiently like both previous and following examples to unite the hand.
towards the end of the manuscript, the scribe adopts this version of 'w' with exaggerated left arm, used here in the middle of a word and looking rather silly. The scribe abandoned this practice after a few folios.
on the early folios, 'y' is almost always dotted. The left arm is fairly straight and the fork occurs at line level.
towards the middle of the manuscript some 'y's are dotted. The left arm is straight and the fork is at line level.
later in the manuscript the scribe virtually abandons the dot over 'y'. This is the single example of dotted 'y' on f155r. The left arm is still straight and the fork still occurs at line level.
'y' undotted on f155r.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is not used at the beginning of the manuscript and the scribe laboriously spells out all adjectives and articles. This example is taken from f100v by which time the scribe was using thorn frequently.
an example taken from f155r where the same comments apply as in version 1.
the scribe uses yogh occasionally throughout. This example is taken from f3r.
an example taken from f155r.
|Upper Case I|
upper case 'I' taken from f3r. The curved hooked head is singular as are the two dashes to the left of the stem.
upper case 'I' taken from f100v.
upper case 'I' on f155r.
another example of this graph from f3r. All examples are undeniably formed in the same way and I believe indicate the same scribe.
|Upper Case Letters|
a distinctive upper case 'B'.
upper case 'T' has a head-stroke which is either flatter than this one, or flamboyant as here.
the scribe adds dots to some graphs which may be his way of indicating an upper case letter.
horned head on upper case 'E'.
Usage: An illumination expert may be able to judge whether the illuminated initials shown here are by different artists or whether they were done at a different time, indicating a time-lag in the preparation of the manuscript. This might then help to define the structure of the manuscript more clearly. This initial is on f3r.
Usage: Another initial from f3r.
Usage: This is an initial from f100v and a different kind of spray is used as decoration. The pink and blue colours in the background to the letter seem to be different in shade from those at the beginning of the manuscript.
Usage: On f155r, the pink and blue colours are the same shade as on f100v. Both are different from the shade used at the beginning of the manuscript.