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Scribal Profile
Current Manuscript:Cambridge, St John's College I.22 (223)
Sampled Folios:1r, 4r, 44v
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Image Rights:Reproduced by kind permission of the Master and Fellows of St John's College, Cambridge. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: came
a hairline joins the two sides of the square single compartment of 'a'.
Usage: hath
sometimes the lobe resembles a cup and the hairline join is not visible, if it was ever there.
Usage: And
Usage: And
a quirky extension at the head of the upper lobe.
Usage: worlde
a looped 'd' is more usually (though not exclusively) found in initial positions.
Usage: and
unlooped 'd' is generally found in final position in a word.
Usage: dissobeye
the lower lobe of 'd' may be pointed, as here. This type of 'd' is the model for the upper case graph.
Usage: goodnesse
the length of the stem of 'd' is very variable.
Usage: MUsing
the tail of 'g' is sometimes turned anti-clockwise.
Usage: right
the tail of 'g' is usually short when there is no reverse flick.
Usage: goost
at the beginning of a word, the tail of 'g' is extended. The lobe of 'g' here is triangular and the head is flat.
Usage: might
the 'ght' combination.
Usage: thing
'h' is generally squat with short limb with tiny tail which ends beneath the graph itself.
Usage: how
occasionally the tail-stroke turns anti-clockwise and retraces the line of the descent from the limb.
Usage: grevith
crossed 'h' follows 't' in this combination. Not all 'h's are crossed.
Usage: Had
upper case letter at the beginning of a line. The shape is essentially the same as the lower case letter.
Usage: resteles
'z'-shaped 'r' is by far the most frequently used graph for 'r'. It is used in all positions in a word, including final position. Here, in initial position, it does not sport the spike at the head as in version 2 where it follows another graph.
Usage: vnderstande
Usage: hir
modern 'r' is used occasionally, mainly in final position. Here it sports a flourish.
Usage: Resceyue
upper case letter for this word in the middle of a line.
Usage: resteles
this 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: strook
long 's' used in initial and medial positions. The stem is thick, the head-stroke finer and variable in length. When followed by 't' the 's' appears to lean against it.
Usage: goodnesse
where 'ss' occurs, the first graph is usually shorter than the second.
Usage: So
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: wight
the most usual formation of 'w'. When in initial position, the approach stroke begins below the graph and curves up to the head of the initial stroke.
Usage: how
'w' in final position with no approach stroke.
Usage: sawe
occasionally 'w' is formed in this way. Sometimes the tops of the left and middle limb are curled over.
Usage: Whan
the upper case graph is a larger version of 1.
Usage: troubly
'y' is generally formed in the same way.
Usage: yn
the tail of 'y' may be longer or shorter depending on space available.
Usage: my
Usage: Yf
upper case 'Y' at the beginning of a line and on the last line of the folio. Hence the very long tail extending into the lower margin.
Usage: þis
thorn is used in all the usual ways and also to replace 'th' on occasion.
Usage: þought
Usage: þt
Usage: þ(er)
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Besily
difficult to entangle the elaborate shape of 'B' from this image. The head-stroke of the upper case 'T' on the second line crosses the descender of 'B'. The lead-in stroke to the 'z'-shaped addition to the front of 'B' describes an almost perfect circle beneath the graph.
Usage: Into
upper case 'I' with scooped approach stroke.
Usage: The
Usage: What
Abbreviative Marks
Usage: witt(es)
es' abbreviation.
Usage: savio(ur)
'ur' abbreviation.
Usage: þ(er)
'er' abbreviation.
Usage: aqueynted
'd' with tag.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP