lower case 'a's are all single compartment.
a complicated form of double compartment 'A' for the upper case letter which here seems to have gone awry.
although the hand of this scribe looks extremely untidy at first glance, the formation of some of the graphs are very consistent. Here looped 'd' is in ligature with 'o'.
'd' in final position. The scribe does not appear to attach a tag to final 'd'.
upper case 'D' with the pointed lower lobe reminiscent of 'A'.
the 'g' graph is double compartment and fairly evenly formed with flat-topped upper lobe and triangular lower lobe.
in final position 'g' has a horizontal stroke extending to the right from near the top of the upper lobe.
the lower lobe is slightly flattened so that it becomes almost triangular in shape.
'G' with head stroke extending forward over the following graphs.
although there is little difference in the formation of 'h', the tail-stroke descends to such a length that inevitably it becomes tangled with the graphs on the lower line.
the looped head-stroke varies in size. Here the tail connects with graphs on the line below.
it is not only the tail of 'h' which is exaggerated. The tail of 'y', the descender of 'p' and the curled otiose stroke descending from 'z'-shaped 'r' all add to the confusion of strokes which give the folio a messy appearance.
long 'r' is used in almost all positions except after 'o'. There are two modern 'r''s in final position on this folio in the words 'owr' and 'war'.
'r' in final position with flourish. This version needs to be compared with version 3 since the thick dark stroke to the left of the top curl of the flourish is from the otiose stroke of 'z'-shaped 'r' in the line above.
'z'-shaped 'r' after 'o'. The thick otiose stroke descending from the graph is tangled with the flourish of long 'r' on the line below.
sigma 's' is always used in final position.
long 's' is used initially and medially. Generally the descender of 's' is a fairly thick stroke, cut fairly short, as here but sometimes capable of a longer, finer extension.
the head stroke curves over and tangles with the macron to abbreviate the 'u'.
upper case 'S' with, at the top left side, the angled stem of thorn from the line above.
the typical shape for 'w' with middle loop higher than the elements to left and right. The right side always has two lobes.
'w' entangled with the 'x' and 'y' in the word 'axyng' in the line above.
'w' can look very messy but the basic shape is the same.
a strange example of the same graph.
'y' can be two separate strokes which do not make contact. The tail of 'y' descends straight at a 45 degree angle. It is a fine stroke and long enough to connect with graphs on the line below.
here the tail of 'y' connects with the tail of the previous 'h' and the flourish on 'm' on the line below.
a word on the bottom line of the folio.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is used for definite articles, demonstratives and personal pronouns. It is similar in shape to 'y' and sometimes difficult to distinguish.
ȝ seen with the previous 'u'.