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Current Manuscript:USA, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections MS Garrett 136
Sampled Folios:116v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced with permission of the Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: al
double compartment 'a' used throughout.
Usage: dar
the scribe's formation of graphs is very haphazard. Not an even hand by any means.
Usage: Al
upper case 'A' with closed upper compartment.
Usage: And
sometimes the top compartment of upper case 'A' is left open. '
Usage: day
looped 'd' in initial position.
Usage: ordeyned
'd' in final position and the word is the final word in the line. This may be the reason for the extended tag.
Usage: hadde
Usage: Declared
hardly decipherable but the 'D' is at the beginning of a line.
Usage: gold
a neat version of the scribe's lower case 'g' which is always double compartment but which varies according to the amount of care the scribe exercises when copying.
Usage: noþy(n)g
'g' in final position with extended horizontal stroke extending from the centre of the upper lobe.
Usage: Iuggeme(n)t
double 'g' with two reasonably similar graphs.
Usage: g(ra)ce
a controlled version of the initial 'g' graph.
Usage: here
inital 'h' graph. 'h' is most frequently represented by an 'h' graph with horizontal head-stroke.
Usage: hy(m)
the scribe constantly uses contractions, some of which are unusual. There is no 'h' in final position on this folio.
Usage: his
'h' on the top line with exaggerated ascender.
Usage: Hs
presumably this is 'His'. The word occurs at the beginning of a line. The scribe uses this abbreviation elsewhere on this folio.
Usage: redres
long 'r' at the beginning of a word. Long 'r' is used throughout except after 'o'.
Usage: Emp(er)our
long 'r' in final position.
Usage: wordes
'z'-shaped 'r' after 'o'.
Usage: ferforþ
example of long 'r' and 'z'-shaped 'r' in the same word.
Usage: ston
long 's' in initial position. Long 's' is used throughout in medial positions.
Usage: seche
sigma 's' is also used in initial position.
Usage: elles
sigma 's' used throughout in final position.
Usage: So
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: was
variations of this 'w' abound. The formation of the graph is not consistent, a feature which applies to many of the scribe's graphs.
Usage: now
'w' in final position. The formation is the same. It is the scribe's erratic presentation of graphs which makes the aspect of his copying that gives the impression of variance in the graph formation.
Usage: wif
another unsystematic variation of 'w'.
Usage: Where
'W' in initial position in the line.
Usage: hy(m)
the scribe has a variety of abbreviations which are unusual. This version is a conventional abbreviation with the tail of 'y' arching up to join with the macron. The next word is 'hu' which presumably is an abbreviation for 'how'.
Usage: my
'y' in final position. The thickness of stroke of the tail of 'y' varies but is generally the same shape.
Usage: þ(er)by
'y' in final position at the end of a line.
Usage: hy(m)self
another example of the scribe's abbreviation fixation.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: haþ
thorn is used on every occasion where 'th' is required.
Usage: ȝif
yogh is used consistently for a variety of reasons here for the 'y' sound.
Usage: hiȝt
ȝ used for 'ght' replacement.
Usage: Þis
thorn is used throughout for the 'th graph'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP