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Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Ashmole 393, part I
Sampled Folios:96r
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Usage: that
single compartment 'a' is used.
Usage: All
the most usual form of upper case 'A' which is just an enlargement of the lower case letter form.
Usage: And
a second version of upper case 'A'.
Usage: Arnulla
the first word on the folio hence the rather flamboyant triangular 'A'.
Usage: degrees
both looped and unlooped 'd' are present on this folio.
Usage: syde
Usage: dayes
very pointed lower lobe with hairline back to the joining of loop and lobe.
Usage: And
Usage: degrees
tailed secretary 'g' is used throughout.
Usage: meuyng
final 'g' with flourish.
Usage: right
'gh' combination with cross-bar at the head of 'g' continuing through to the head loop of 'h'.
Usage: the
the head-loop rests on the shoulder.
Usage: night
the 'ght' combination. When 'h' is crossed, the line often runs across the top of the letter.
Usage: which
Usage: honde
an example which occurs on the top line where more space above might encourage the open head stroke. The letter is also written at a slight angle.
Usage: ryng
the 'z'-shaped 'r' is almost always used initially and medially. Very rarely used in final position. Although the next three versions of 'r' represent modern 'r', the 'z'-shaped 'r' is the one most frequently used.
Usage: cercles
modern 'r' is almost always found in final position. Here, unusually, it is in the middle of a word.
Usage: ther
here in final position almost always accompanied by a flourish.
Usage: sterres
apart from version 3, the only other example of modern 'r' used within a word on this folio is where 'r' is doubled, as in this example.
Usage: is
kidney-shaped 's' used in final position.
Usage: cercles
sigma 's' used occasionally in final position.
Usage: same
long 's' used initially and in medial positions.
Usage: cross(es)
double 's' with 'es' abbreviation.
Usage: west
the arms of 'w' are separate. There is a single loop at the right of the graph.
Usage: writen
Usage: rewle
a looped 'w' is also used as well as the versions in 1, 2 and 4.
Usage: writen
Usage: brynk
there is very little variation in the shape of this graph.
Abbreviative Marks
Usage: tropik(es)
Usage: eu(er)mor
'er' abbreviation.
Usage: eu(er)mor
the flourish on the final 'r' of the same word as version 2.
Usage: (con)teyneth
the scribe frequently uses this abbreviation at the beginning of a word as also in '(con)sentryk(es)' and (com)pased'.
Usage: ȝodiake
yogh used as 'z'.
Usage: oriȝont
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP