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Current Manuscript:Wales, Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales MS Peniarth 359B part 7
Identification:1 hand for Astrolabe
Sampled Folios:74r, 78r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced by permission of Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru / The National Library of Wales. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: arisen
single compartment lower case 'a' used throughout.
Usage: equacio(u)n
Usage: Astrelabie
the scribe uses double compartment 'A' for the upper case letter.
Usage: Almurie
Usage: down
the looped 'd's are evenly formed with upper loop usually extending back just beyond the line of the lower lobe.
Usage: myddes
Usage: fynd
'd' in final position is usually tagged.
Usage: Sondry
a rather fatter lower lobe than usual.
Usage: langage
'g's are also double compartment and evenly formed. The lower compartment is oval in shape and larger than the upper compartment.
Usage: sittyng
'g' in final position usually has a looped extension as seen here.
Usage: þyng(es)
'g' with abbreviation for 'es'.
Usage: Gen(er)ally
upper case 'G' with curved extended stroke from the head. In this example the thick part at the top point of the head is because of a collision with a descender from the line above.
Usage: heuene
the 'h' graph is also consistently formed.
Usage: tech
where 'h' follows 's', 'c', 't' or 'g' it is always crossed.
Usage: nyght
the 'ght' combination.
Usage: Thus
an open head-stroke for this more emphatic 'h' following the upper case 'T'.
Usage: remenant
the stem of 'r' is always set at a slant. The shoulder is a short, separate thick stroke, with or without a flourish.
Usage: wher
'r' in final position usually has a long flourish curling round above the graph.
Usage: sterres
'z'-shaped 'r' is regularly used after 'o' and 'e'.
Usage: north
a single long 'r' on the two folios examined.
Usage: set
6-shaped 's' used occasionally as the initial letter.
Usage: seyn
long 's' used mostly in initial position and always in medial position.
Usage: sterres
(final 's') a kidney-shaped 's' used in final position. Most examples have the arrow-head extension joining top and bottom of the graph.
Usage: sterres
(final 's') sigma 's' used occasionally in final position.
Usage: whan
'w' in initial position usually has a long approach stroke.
Usage: rewle
cursive graph which is basically a double 'v' formation with single lobe to finish.
Usage: wittenesse
the single example of an alternative loop-headed letter form for 'w'.
Usage: owtt(er)est
Usage: say
the left arm of 'y' is set at an angle and the tail curves gently clockwise.
Usage: thyn
the fork of 'y' lines up with the lower level of the surrounding graphs.
Usage: Gen(er)ally
a more angled turn at the end of the tail.
Usage: lyne
occasionally the tail is formed with a more generous curve.
Usage: þt
thorn is used throughout for all functions. All words which can be contracted using thorn, are contracted.
Usage: þei
Usage: þis
Usage: sowneþ
used here for a verb ending.
Usage: ȝodiak
yogh is also used frequently, here for the 'z' sound to begin 'zodiac'.
Usage: planet(yogh]
used here for the plural sound of 'tz'.
Usage: oriȝonte
again used for the 'z' sound.
Usage: riȝt
here used as equivalent to 'gh'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP