a hairline joins the two sides of the square single compartment of 'a'.
sometimes the lobe resembles a cup and the hairline join is not visible, if it was ever there.
a quirky extension at the head of the upper lobe.
a looped 'd' is more usually (though not exclusively) found in initial positions.
unlooped 'd' is generally found in final position in a word.
the lower lobe of 'd' may be pointed, as here. This type of 'd' is the model for the upper case graph.
the length of the stem of 'd' is very variable.
the tail of 'g' is sometimes turned anti-clockwise.
the tail of 'g' is usually short when there is no reverse flick.
at the beginning of a word, the tail of 'g' is extended. The lobe of 'g' here is triangular and the head is flat.
the 'ght' combination.
'h' is generally squat with short limb with tiny tail which ends beneath the graph itself.
occasionally the tail-stroke turns anti-clockwise and retraces the line of the descent from the limb.
crossed 'h' follows 't' in this combination. Not all 'h's are crossed.
upper case letter at the beginning of a line. The shape is essentially the same as the lower case letter.
'z'-shaped 'r' is by far the most frequently used graph for 'r'. It is used in all positions in a word, including final position. Here, in initial position, it does not sport the spike at the head as in version 2 where it follows another graph.
modern 'r' is used occasionally, mainly in final position. Here it sports a flourish.
upper case letter for this word in the middle of a line.
this 's' is always used in final position.
long 's' used in initial and medial positions. The stem is thick, the head-stroke finer and variable in length. When followed by 't' the 's' appears to lean against it.
where 'ss' occurs, the first graph is usually shorter than the second.
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
the most usual formation of 'w'. When in initial position, the approach stroke begins below the graph and curves up to the head of the initial stroke.
'w' in final position with no approach stroke.
occasionally 'w' is formed in this way. Sometimes the tops of the left and middle limb are curled over.
the upper case graph is a larger version of 1.
'y' is generally formed in the same way.
the tail of 'y' may be longer or shorter depending on space available.
upper case 'Y' at the beginning of a line and on the last line of the folio. Hence the very long tail extending into the lower margin.
thorn is used in all the usual ways and also to replace 'th' on occasion.
|Upper Case Letters|
difficult to entangle the elaborate shape of 'B' from this image. The head-stroke of the upper case 'T' on the second line crosses the descender of 'B'. The lead-in stroke to the 'z'-shaped addition to the front of 'B' describes an almost perfect circle beneath the graph.
upper case 'I' with scooped approach stroke.
'd' with tag.