the upper lobe is generally the same size as, or slightly larger than the lower compartment.
Usage: a mong
the down-stroke of 'a' either has an angled stroke at the head, as here, or is straight as in version 1.
both compartments are rounded in this example of upper case 'A'.
the lower compartment is angular in this example.
'd' is looped with the loop extending back beyond the level of the lower lobe.
the lobe of 'd' is generally an oval shape.
tagged 'd' in final position.
here the lower lobe is more angular.
'g' has the general appearance of being tilted. This is because the lower compartment extends further towards the following graph than the upper compartment.
the horizontal extension from the head of the graph may be truly horizontal as in the second 'g', or it may come off the head at an angle as in the first 'g' in this image.
Usage: a mong
the lower compartment has a triangular appearance in this example.
'h' is consistently formed with head-stroke which just makes contact with the shoulder of the graph.
crossed 'h' in the 'ph' combination. The limb swings out a little to allow for the scribe to continue the tail in a clockwise direction to loop back to the shoulder.
the scribe's preference is for modern 'r' in all positions but he also uses long 'r' as in version 2.
Usage: a ryse
Usage: I tore
'z'-shaped 'r' is quite distinctive with a rounded upper element and a thick stroke to finish which ends with an finer upward turn to join to the next graph.
upper case 'R'.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
8-shaped 's' in final position. The upper compartment is usually smaller than the lower one.
long 's' to begin the word and 8-shaped 's' to finish.
where there is 'ss', the first 's' is usually shorter than the second.
the scribe has two versions of 'w' which he uses randomly. Here there is an approach stroke to the left limb which curves to the left.
here the head-strokes curve to the right over the graph itself.
there is always a 'B'-shaped element to the right of the graph.
the left arm of 'y' is usually slightly curved. The tail of 'y' usually turns at or around the line.
sometimes there is only a small flick counter-clockwise at the end of the tail-stroke.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is used frequently in all positions and for most occurrences of 'th' in whatever word.
Usage: oþer (abbreviation)
thorn with 'er' abbreviation above.
the upper element of yogh looks very much like a modern '2'.
|Upper Case Letters|
upper case 'T' may have a serrated side because the word is in a display script suitable for a gloss. Double parallel lines in upper case graphs are not unusual for this scribe.
a less fancy form of 'T'.
the front of 'B' resembles the form used for the upper part of yogh and also the 'z'-shaped 'r'.
chapter number as a gloss in the margin. More parallel lines to decorate the graph.
Usage: Ampersand; the scribe has at least two forms of ampersand. The example seen here has a fine straight vertical stroke to the left of the graph.
Usage: Ampersand; both versions of ampersand have a separate stroke above. Both versions have a horizontal cross through the middle.
Usage: Punctus elevatus;
|More Upper Case Letters|
another version of upper case 'T' this time without the serrated side.
Usage: I dygged
there are at least three forms of upper case 'I' on the folio sampled. Here there is a straight approach stroke at a 45 degree angle to the shaft.
a waving head-stroke and a shadow stroke parallel to the shaft. The shaft curls round at the bottom to return to the main stem.
although obscured by the paragraph mark, the waving head-stroke may be seen in this example. Here the shaft does not curl round. All three examples have a protuberance mid-way down the left side of the shaft.