Advanced Search   *   Manuscripts   *   Scribes   *   Authors   *   Letters
Home   *   About the Project   *   Bibliography
Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council
Find What? Search by
Scribal Profile
Adam Pinkhurst
Profiles for this Scribe:
5. London, Guildhall Library 5370 [Scriveners' Company Common Paper]
Current Manuscript:London, Guildhall Library MS 5370
Folios:Page 56
Sampled Folios:Page 56
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: sciencia
almost all lower case 'a's in this oath are the secretary form of 'a'.
Usage: artis
there are about half a dozen examples of double compartment anglicana 'a' in Pinkhurst's oath.
Usage: Adam
the second 'a' in Pinkhurst's name at the side of his oath.
Usage: Ac
a more typical Pinkhurst 'A'.
Usage: indigencia
Usage: saluand
Usage: Adam
the 'd' in Adam's name at the side of his oath. Note the parallel lines on the curved stroke joining 'd' to 'a'.
Usage: indignus
Usage: pagina(m)
Usage: gent(es)
'g' in initial position.
Usage: huismodi
slight lean for the stem.
Usage: hanc
Usage: honore
Usage: Pynkhurst
Adam's name on the top line of the oath. The 'k' and 'h' are typical of Adam's treatment of ascenders on the top line of text. His mark is attached to the descending head-stroke of 'h'.
Usage: rep(ar)tus
long 'r' is used in all positions in this oath. It alternates with modern 'r' as in version 2.
Usage: Iuramentum
modern 'r' is also used in all positions.
Usage: corporale
typical of Adam's hand, 'z'-shaped 'r' is sometimes seen with descending stroke from the left corner of the letter, or it may be copied without the addition of the stroke. Both may be seen in this example.
Usage: futur
a flourish on 'r' in final position is found frequently in Adam's literary output.
Usage: alias
sigma 's' used both at the beginning and ends of words.
Usage: coactus
kidney-shaped 's' used occasionally in final position.
Usage: indignus
8-shaped 's' in final position. This 's' predominates in final position despite occasional use of versions 1 and 2. Note that the head of the letter is slightly above the level of the preceding 'u'.
Usage: sciencia
long 's' used initially and medially.
Usage: Pynkhurst
'y' in Adam's name on the top line of text. The 'y' is dotted.
Usage: Pynkhurst
the only other 'y' in the oath, also in Pynkhurst's name, is found at the left of the oath and given slightly more elaborate treatment.
Pynkhurst characteristics
Usage: Adam
the upper case 'A' at the beginning of his name within the oath itself. The typical Pinkhurst mark is attached to the top of the letter.
Usage: Adam
the elaborate 'A' of Adam set to the left of the oath and typifying many of the characteristic features of Pynhurst's hand. The 'barbed wire' decoration is there, the parallel decorative lines and the Pynkhurst 'signature' at the top of the letter.
Usage: Et
the decoration rising from the top of the first letter 'E' of the oath.
Usage: Scriptor
on the top line of the oath the upper case 'S' with decorated rising ascender is familiar from both the Hengwrt and Ellesmere Chaucers.
Further Pynkhurst characteristic features
Usage: L(ett)re Curial(is)
here the treatment of ascenders on the top line is typical.
Usage: Decoration in the bracket feature
Usage: Decoration in the bracket feature
Usage: Pynkhurst
'barbed wire' in-fill in the letters 'k' and 'h' in Pynkhurst's name to the left of his oath.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP