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Scribal Profile
John Marchaunt or Scribe D
Profiles for this Scribe:
1. Cambridge, Trinity College MS R.3.2. (581)
Current Manuscript:Cambridge, Trinity College MS R.3.2. (581)
Folios:66r-73v, 113 (line 51)-154r
Sampled Folios:67r, 131r
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Usage: Whan
double compartment 'a' used throughout by this scribe.
Usage: And
the scribe has a range of upper case 'A's which he uses.
Usage: A
Usage: goode
this form of 'd' is a really distinctive feature of the hand. However, the scribe does not always use it, often copying folio after folio employing the more conventional form as in version 2.
Usage: vndirstonde
the first 'd' in the word. This is the scribe's regular form of 'd'.
Usage: Deus
from the gloss in the right margin.
Usage: don
'd' with a more angular lower lobe.
Usage: mighte
a typical 'g' with a tiny tag just visible as an overhang to the right of the lower lobe.
Usage: nought
occasionally the scribe leaves a gap in the upper or lower lobe, or as in this case, in both.
Usage: v(ir)gines
'g' quite frequently has a squashed or triangular lower lobe with horizontal aspect.
Usage: Gayus
Usage: which
(first 'h'); the tail-stroke of 'h' is frequently 'tucked away, often awkwardly' according to Doyle and Parkes.
Usage: him
a more usual version of 'h'.
Usage: such
on some folios the tailstroke of 'h' frequently has a reverse flick.
Usage: His
'H' in upper case position at the beginning of a line. The upper case version frequently has a foot at the lower end of the stem.
Usage: maner
the 'rounded downward curve' which sometimes terminates the 'shoulder of long 'r' noted by Doyle and Parkes.
Usage: oþerwise
on the two folios used here for the examples, the scribe hardly ever uses modern 'r'. However, in long sections of, for example Harley 7334, he uses it almost exclusively.
Usage: more
'z'-shaped 'r' used always after 'o'. The example here shows a fine descending otiose stroke from the foot of the letter. The scribe does not usually add this extra stroke but just occasionally it may be seen as here.
Usage: never
a typical fourish on final 'r' indicating an extra sounded 'e' to rhyme with 'leuere'.
Usage: amonges
kidney-shaped 's' always used in final position.
Usage: such
the scribe's usual practise is to use long 's' initially and in medial positions. There are three examples only on the two sample folios of the use of sigma 's'.
Usage: schent
the shape of long 's' varies little. Occasionally, as here, a tiny tag may be seen on the left of the shaft.
Usage: Sche
Usage: worth
the scribe has many variations on a similar theme in the formation of 'w'. Usually though not always, the central stroke stands proud.
Usage: weighte
Usage: how
Usage: With
upper case 'W' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: my
'y' is often dotted. 'i' has a curved stroke above the letter.
Usage: ayein
sometimes the tail of 'y' is short and returns immediately below the fork of the letter.
Usage: forlay
the letter is at the end of the line and the scribe extends the tail upwards.
Usage: Ye
'Y' at the beginning of a line.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þin
thorn is used frequently.
Usage: wheþ(er)
Usage: ȝaf
there is often, but not always, a flick to the right to finish the letter.
Usage: baptiȝed
I and N
Usage: Is
the approach stroke to 'I' may vary but the letter nearly always has a single dot on the left of the shaft.
Usage: Iuno
Usage: Ne
this is the characteristic shape of upper case 'N'. In other manuscripts copied by this scribe there are sometimes hairline strokes or a single stroke within the letter itself.
Usage: Narrat
this word occurs in the gloss in the right margin.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP