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Scribal Profile
John Marchaunt or Scribe D
Profiles for this Scribe:
12. USA, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections MS Taylor 5
Current Manuscript:USA, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections MS Taylor 5
Identification:Hand C
Sampled Folios:48r, 170r, 186v, 187r, 191v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced with permission of the Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: al
double compartment 'a' used throughout. The upper compartment is usually, though not always, slightly smaller than the lower compartment.
Usage: algates
Usage: And
one of the many variants of this scribe's upper case 'A'.
Usage: Al
probably the upper case 'A' which is used most in Scribe D's manuscripts.
Usage: day
the scribe's 'd's are almost always neatly executed.
Usage: ad
'd' with open centre is a significant feature of this hand although there are few examples on the folios examined.
Usage: chidd
Usage: Descriue
upper case 'D' with 2-shaped element to begin.
Usage: gon
a typical Scribe D 'g' with oval or rounded upper compartment and triangular lower compartment.
Usage: þing
'g' in final position with short tag descending from the horizontal slash which almost always leaves the upper compartment from a middle position.
Usage: mighte
Usage: Gower
Usage: his
'h' with tail-stroke neatly tucked away.
Usage: Which
the head-loop of 'h' may be triangular. The tail stroke curves gently counter-clockwise.
Usage: such
Usage: He
on upper case 'H' and 'L', Scribe D often adds a loop to the left of the stem.
Usage: resistence
long 'r' is the preference in all positions.
Usage: wondir
Usage: perce
modern 'r' is also in this scribe's repertoire. In some manuscripts it is the preferred 'r' for many folios.
Usage: wordes
'z'-shaped 'r' with curving otiose stroke from the lower left of the graph.
Usage: so
sigma 's' is used most frequently in initial position on the folios examined.
Usage: sorwe
Usage: felawes
kidney-shaped 's' in final position is often the preferred graph.
Usage: sawes
however, 8-shaped 's' is also used.
Usage: were
on the whole, Scribe D's graphs are very regularly formed. This is a typical shape for D's 'w'.
Usage: bowe
Usage: wondir
sometimes the looped head is left open. The 'B'-shaped element is always used.
Usage: Wiþouten
Usage: y
the left arm of 'y' is usually straight with fork just above the level of the line.
Usage: þy
'y' can be dotted.
Usage: begynne
sometimes the tail-stroke extends up to the following graph.
Usage: manye
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: bringþ
thorn is used frequently. It is a neat graph with straight stem.
Usage: balkeþ
Usage: ȝit
the lower part of yogh may turn counter-clockwise to finish or may also turn clockwise.
Usage: Ȝit
yogh is also used as representative of the 'tz' sound in a plural.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Ne
a typical upper case 'N' shape for this scribe although he does have several variants.
Usage: So
upper case 'S' with double slash through the body of the graph.
Usage: That
again a typical 'T' with vertical line bisecting what is almost always a closed circular body.
Usage: I
upper case 'I' with single lump to the left of the stem.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP