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Current Manuscript:Holkham, Norfolk, Holkham Hall, Collection of the Earl of Leicester MS 667
Sampled Folios:45r
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Image Rights:Reproduced by permission of Viscount Coke and the Trustees of the Holkham Estate. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: and
a straight-sided single compartment 'a' with cross-stroke which gives the appearance of a double compartment.
Usage: companye
the upper lobe of 'a' stands above surrounding letters.
Usage: Aboute
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: worde
the scribe's most usual form of looped 'd'.
Usage: done
in initial position, the lobe of 'd' becomes very angular.
Usage: hyd
'd' in final position with vertical descending tag.
Usage: condicion of
exhuberance on the top line.
Usage: gode
double compartment 'g' in initial position showing clearly the placing of the lower lobe of the letter on the line itself.
Usage: might
Usage: doughter
Usage: God
Usage: hakeney
rounded head-loop and gently curving limb and short tail continuing the clockwise movement.
Usage: shull
the scribe's formation of lower case 'h' is very consistent.
Usage: Howe
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line. The scribe does not always use this form with two protuberances on the stem. Other upper case 'H's are the same in form as the lower case ones.
Usage: harme
'h' on the top line.
Usage: neighburgh
modern 'r' used in all positions except where 'z'-shaped 'r' appears after 'o', 'e' and a few consonants.
Usage: Surry
Usage: or
'z'-shaped 'r' with otiose stroke descending from the lower left of the letter. This stroke is not always present.
Usage: Reported
Usage: as
kidney-shaped 's' used invariably in final position.
Usage: same
long 's' used initially and medially.
Usage: cristemesse
Usage: Surry
Usage: vnwrappeth
lower case 'w' varies little in shape except for the length of the left arm of the letter and the presence or absence of an approach stroke.
Usage: woll
Usage: wt
an abbreviation used on several occasions.
Usage: Whenne
Usage: ys
'y' is neatly formed and varies little.
Usage: yere
occasionally the tail of 'y' is taken up to the next letter.
Usage: Yet
'Y' in upper case position at the beginning of a line.
Usage: spycerye
two 'y's vying for descenders with the otiose descender from 'r'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP