'a' is double compartment with a straight right side.
the scribe has a single compartment upper case 'A' as well as the version in 4.
'd' is looped with the loop appearing in various shapes. Here the upper loop is fairly round and the lower lobe is pointed at the left, perhaps because it is the initial letter of the word.
'd' in final position has no flourish on this folio.
the upper loops are thrown back beyond the position of the triangular lower lobes.
here the upper loop extends back over the previous graph.
most of the scribe's 'g's on this folio have two compartments of even size. In this example the top lobe is closed with a straight hairline stroke.
'g' appears here more as a figure 8. The horizontal stroke joining to the next graph extends at right angles from the centre of the upper lobe.
upper case 'G' at the beginning of a line.
the head-stroke of 'h' loops down from a point at the top and connects at various places at or through the shoulder and limb. The tail-stroke descends from the limb and loops back as here or curves anti-clockwise. The example here is the one most frequently used.
letter on the top line with more pronounced head-loop. The tail-stroke has a reverse curve.
the tailstroke is unusually tucked away beneath the body of the graph.
the tailstroke loops round in a reverse curve which extends up to the following graph.
the initial 'r' in this word. Long 'r' is used more frequently than modern 'r in initial and final positions.
modern 'r' in a medial position.
final 'r' with flourish. The fork of the graph begins at the lowest point of the graph.
upper case 'R' with a long arching approach stroke which begins well below the body of the graph.
sigma 's' is used in both initial and final positions.
a single example on this folio of a kidney-shaped 's' in final position.
long 's' is used in medial positions.
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
the central limb of the 'w' graph always rises above the left and right sides of the graph. It then describes an arc of varying size which usually ends beyond the 'B'-shaped element which forms the right side of the graph.
a 'w' within a word showing the approach stroke which continues from the previous graph and forms a looped and rounded left limb.
typically the left arm of 'y' is a short angled stroke which is crossed by the sweeping curve of the tailstroke. A small protuberance extends beneath the tailstroke where the two strokes cross.
the tailstroke curves up and over the graph itself.
again the tailstrokes of both 'y' graphs in this example extend up to join the following graph.
|Thorn and Yogh|
on this folio, thorn is used for the definite article and for demonstrative adjectives.
this example of thorn has a shorter stem and larger lobe than in the previous example. Superscript letters are set directly above the thorn graph.
the tail of yogh extends down and curves anti-clockwise. The stroke joining the yogh on the left is the tail of the previous 'y' graph.
|m and n|
lower case 'm' and 'n' in initial position frequently, but not always, have a curving approach stroke which curves up from beneath the graph to form the first minim of the graph.
not every 'm' and 'n' graph begins as in versions one and two.
an example of 'n' with the same curved approach stroke.
|Upper Case Letters|