all the scribe's lower case 'a's are single compartment and formed as in this example.
there are several forms of upper case 'A'.
'd' is looped and consistently formed. It varies little over the four folios consulted.
one form of the scribe's upper case 'D'.
a second type of upper case 'D'.
double compartment 'g' is used throughout. The upper lobe is squarish with a point at the head where a horizontal extension leads on to the next graph. This example is taken from earlier in the manuscript.
as the copying progressed, the scribe develops a slanting graph which is basically the same shape as in version 1 but seems to be leaning to the right. The lower lobe is displaced to the left.
'g' in final position with tag joined to what appears to be a virgule used to mark the caesura in the line.
the 'ght' combination. The slant of 'g' is clear in this grouping.
there is surprisingly little variation in the 'h' graph. The tail-stroke descends in a neat curve ending usually just below the line.
very occasionally the limb has no curve.
'H' in the upper case position at the beginning of a line.
modern 'r' is used in all positions and is by far the most frequently used 'r' graph. Here in initial position with approach stroke. Unusually, this 'r' is also used after 'o' rather than the 'z'-shaped 'r' which is used but very infrequently.
long 'r' is used occasionally in medial and final positions. Here the sophisticated flourish may be representative of a final 'e' in this word.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used occasionally, but not after 'o'.
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions throughout.
kidney-shaped 's' is almost always used in final position with the initial curved stroke for the back of the graph sometimes leaving a small horn where the second element of the graph is added.
the occasional use of sigma 's' in both initial and final positions.
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
'w' is regularly formed as in this example.
the scribe often uses the abbreviated form of 'with' as in this example.
a taller, narrower graph because the scribe has run out of space and is squashing his graphs.
'y' is almost always dotted. The tail of 'y' usually extends beneath the preceding graph. The tail turns counter-clockwise and usually ends back near the fork of the letter.
sometimes the scribe begins the second stroke from the base of the left limb. The result is that there is a space between the fork and the descending tail-stroke. A fair number of the scribe's 'y's are formed in this way.
`the fork of 'y' is usually on or around the line.
an upper case 'Y' positioned slightly higher than the normal graph.
the scribe does not use thorn frequently but he may use it in any situation.
as with the abbreviation for 'with', the scribe frequently uses this abbreviation for 'that'. There is an approach stroke to the stem which is thicker at the top and tapers to a level just below the line.
thorn used as a 'th' ending at the end of a verb.
the 'p' graph also has an approach stroke as in the thorn. They are distinguished by the position and shape of the lobe.
'p' has a long straight stem with a stroke which leads in at a 45 degree angle. The lobe begins a third of the way down the stem and bisects the stem with a horizontal line.
the scribe's 'ur' abbreviative mark.
the crossed stem for the ''per' abbreviation.
'ri' abbreviative mark above the graph.
|Upper Case Letters|
a very fancy version of 'N'.
a second variety of upper case 'N'.