secretary 'a' used exclusively in the text of the poem.
anglicana 'a' used for the headings which introduce certain sections. They are in the same hand but written slightly larger than the main text.
the scribe's most usual upper case 'A'.
upper case 'A' very reminiscent of the form used by Hoccleve.
'd' in initial position in a word may have a loop which sweeps back.
'd's which are less flamboyant.
the scribe does not often add a tail to 'd' but here it may be seen followed by a virgule.
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
'g' in initial position. The formation of 'g' is distinctive with thick descending stroke which becomes finer as the tail loops round back to the lobe.
'g' almost always has a horizontal stroke at right angles to the descender which makes connection with the following graph.
'g' in final position and the extension to the right is still there although no letter follows.
upper case 'G' at the beginning of a line.
'h' has an arched headstroke which is usually open.
sometimes the graph appears to lean to the right.
'h' in the combinations 'th', 'ch', 'gh' and 'ght' is always crossed. The horizontal is usually restricted to the 'h' and does not interfere with the other graphs.
'H' in the upper case position at the beginning of a line.
typical modern 'r' graph used by the scribe. The 'elephant tail' arrangement is common throughout, with 'r' joining the next graph in a continuous movement. Modern 'r' is used exclusively on most folios, but occasionally, as on f51v, the scribe uses long 'r' several times.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used only after 'o'. The otiose stroke which curves below the graph is of almost the same thickness as the strokes of the graph itself. Here it appears almost as a circle.
Usage: to gider
flourishes on 'r' are hard to find but occasionally the scribe does add one when 'r' is in final position.
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
final 's' is almost invariably a kidney-shaped 's'.
long 's' used initially and medially. The head stroke may be rounded or, as in the next example, it may have a more pointed head.
upper case 'S'.
this graph varies little. The basic form of it may be seen here with a rounded left limb and a right limb which forms a sharp turn at its base with single lobe to the right.
'W' in an upper case position.
the basic shape of this graph.
'y' is frequently dotted.
another frequent variation is as here with the tail of 'y' taken up above the body of the graph and curved over the following letter.
on the folios examined, thorn was only used for the abbreviation of 'that'.
the graph is distinctive as the main descender always seems to be set at an angle.
this is the first word in the line but still to exactly the same formula.
Usage: The shape of the paraph which is placed at the beginning of stanzas. This one shows the simple form.
Usage: Serrated pen-work decoration is more usual than the simple shape in version 1.
Usage: A paraph in a different style for a gloss in the right margin of f70r.
Usage: A paraph for a gloss in the left margin of f67v.
|Penwork and Catchwords|
Usage: Red paraph with purple flourishing which extends down the left side of this folio.
Usage: A different example of red pen-work. The purple flourishing extends well into the left margin. A single purple line divides stanzas.
Usage: The elaborate pen-work initial 'N' with infill of blue and red ink and purple ink used for the flourishing.
Usage: Catchwords copied in lower margin below the middle of the text block. They are contained in a box of purple ink with looped corners.
|e and p|
almost every final 'e' is formed with a tongue or protuberance at the right side of the graph.
a more horned effect to this graph and the hooked extension curves to join the initial stroke.
the hooked approach stroke to this graph makes it distinctive.
upper case graph formed in the same way but with vertical stroke through the lobe.