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Scribal Profile
Thomas Hoccleve
Profiles for this Scribe:
7. USA, California, San Marino, Huntington Library MS HM 111
Current Manuscript:USA, San Marino, CA, Henry E. Huntington Library MS HM 111
Sampled Folios:8v, 16v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: commendable
a vary angular compartment for Hoccleve's single compartment 'a'.
Usage: male
'a' in Hoccleve's formal script used to give the title of the following piece. 'Cy ensuyt la male regle de T. Hoccleue'.
Usage: As
a typical Hoccleve upper case 'A'.
Usage: And
another example of 'A' with the beginning of a bracket underline in the right corner.
Usage: adu(er)sitee
Hoccleve's usual looped 'd' graph.
Usage: commendable
the loop of 'd' sometimes extends back over previous letters.
Usage: dyuyse
the lower lobe is squarish with a point at the left side.
Usage: Despute
Usage: argumentes
secretary 'g' with tail turning counter-clockwise. All examples of 'g' on the two sampled folios have tails turning counter-clockwise except for the 'g' in Hoccleve's formal script.
Usage: thyng
many of the lower case 'g's on the two sampled folios have a more pointed head as seen in this example. This may be the type of 'g' referred to by Doyle and Parkes ('Production of Copies') which, although not illustrated in their sample folio, is a type which is present in Cambridge, Trinity College MS. R. 3.2.
Usage: regle
'g' occurring in Hoccleve's title in his more formal script.
Usage: Go
Usage: helthe
Doyle and Parkes ('Production of Copies') remark on a particular feature of Hoccleve's 'h' where the 'stem, shoulder and limb drop below the level of the other letters'. This is admirably demonstrated in this example although not true in every case.
Usage: knyghtly
'h' is crossed in this combination.
Usage: manhode
the tail of 'h' turns counter-clockwise occasionally.
Usage: Hoccleue
elaborate 'H' for Hoccleve's autograph.
Usage: eerthe
modern 'r' is probably the favoured 'r' graph but long 'r' is frequently used in final position.
Usage: piler
where long 'r' is used at the end of a word without a flourish, as here, the right fork does not always return to the head of the graph but can level off almost as a horizontal.
Usage: tresor
the first 'r' graph in this word although both 'r's are 'z'-shaped.
Usage: Reeue
Usage: his
kidney-shaped 's' used in final position.
Usage: seint
long 's' used initially and medially.
Usage: assent
several features of Hoccleve's long 's' graph may be seen in this example. The first 's' has a horizontal head-stroke seen in some examples of long 's'. The second 's' graph has a split stem which is often a feature of Hoccleve's long graphs, and an arching head-stroke which extends over several letters.
Usage: Sum tyme
Usage: was
Hoccleve's distinctive 'w' graph. Although Hoccleve has other forms of 'w', this is the only version that he uses on the two folios sampled.
Usage: wight
Usage: forward
Usage: What
Usage: lyf
typically, Hoccleve's 'y' graph is formed in this way with tail looped round and extending above the body of the graph often with a stroke or point to finish off. There are various variations on this theme.
Usage: knyghtly
sometimes, even when the graph is in final position, the tail does not extend over the body of the graph.
Usage: thy
the extended tail turns away rather than towards the graph.
Usage: dyuyse
a classic example of Hoccleve's treatment of 'y'.
Thorn and Ampersand
Usage: þt
typical of Hoccleve's thorn character is the hooked approach stroke and the lobe set high on a long descender.
Usage: þt
on the folios sampled. thorn is only used in this abbreviation.
Usage: Ampersand with similar features of the 'y' graph with curving tail around and above the graph.
Usage: Ampersand connecting with descender of long 's' above.
Usage: inconparable
the hooked approach to this graph resembles the approach to both thorn and ampersand seen above.
Usage: prosperitee
the first letter of the word.
Usage: Peter
Usage: P(re)sume
although tangled with the curved end of a bracket beneath, it is possible to see the scribe's upper case 'P' followed by an 'er' abbreviative mark and an 's'.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: But
Usage: Ne
Usage: Vnto
Usage: I
intrusion of bracket just at the top but the basic shape of 'I' is there with curving head-stroke which joins the main stem just below the top point.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP