Hoccleve has several versions of this graph which is used in his formal hand.
in Hoccleve's informal hand, the graphs are formed much more casually. The single compartment of 'a' is rounder and frequently has an extension of the finer line employed to close the head.
there are several variations on Hoccleve's typical upper case 'A' represented here.
a single occurrence of a different form of 'A' graph with circular stroke almost completely encircling the angular compartment.
a neatly formed 'd' with upper loop in line with the lower lobe.
a flamboyant extension of the upper loop and a very angular lower compartment.
Hoccleve's casual hand with circular 'e' an extension of 'd'.
there are few examples of final 'd' in these documents. Here it is the final letter of a name and is given an emphatic tag.
Hoccleve uses various versions of the secretary 'g' graph. The head is horned and in this version the tail turns clockwise and waves to a conclusion below the final graph of the preceding word.
Hoccleve's 'g's frequently have a counter-clockwise turn on the tail which often extends up to join the following graph.
'ge' in Hoccleve's relaxed, casual hand.
a typical upper case 'G' with slightly scooped head-stroke.
the tendency for Hoccleve to drop the shoulder of 'h' below the level of surrounding graphs (Doyle and Parkes) is not so noticeable on the folios examined. Here the tail turns counter-clockwise.
a more contained Hoccleve 'h' with limb curving gently clockwise.
a frequently used abbreviation in Hoccleve's documents in French. The 'h' is crossed to mark the abbreviation.
one version of Hoccleve's upper case 'H' with loop to the left of the shaft.
small approach stroke for this modern 'r' in initial position.
'r' in final position with flourish.
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o' and other round-bodied graphs.
Hoccleve's typical 'perched' 'R'.
long 's' used in initial and medial positions. In some documents, Hoccleve consistently splits the shaft of 's'.
kidney-shaped 's' used in final position.
sigma 's' in final position is Hoccleve's preferred graph in his informal hand.
round 'S' used as the upper case graph.
Usage: w eidantȝ
there are few 'w' graphs in the Latin and French documents reviewed here. This example has a spur at the foot of the first limb.
a different version of 'w'. Unfortunately there are no examples of Hoccleve's circular 'w' which is such a distinctive feature in some of his manuscripts.
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Hoccleve's 'y's are usually distinctive as may be seen in the following examples. Here the tail is not carried back up over the graph.
sometimes the end of the tail is marked with a dot. Here and in the following examples, Hoccleve is content with a hook to finish.
yogh used in the French documents as representative of the 'y' sound written as final 'z' in verb endings.
also used to represent 'tz'.
yogh also used for the plural ending in some words.
|Upper Case Letters|
the shape of Hoccleve's lower case 'A' used as an upper case graph.
another form of 'R'.
Hoccleve bisects upper case 'E' and 'C' with a vertical line which extends below the lower level of the graph.
|Some Hoccleve favourites|
what Mooney calls Hoccleve's 'coathanger g'.
Hoccleve often extends the head of long 's' out over the tops of succeeding graphs.
'p' has a hooked approach stroke which leads in to the top of the descender.
's' and 'g' complement each other above and below the word.