a typical Hoccleve flat-topped 'a'.
a less angular version of 'a'.
Hoccleve's defining upper case 'A' which may be used in conjunction with other features as a classic Hoccleve letter form.
'd's usually have a neat, quite upright upper loop and an oval lower lobe.
in this example the lower lobe is more pointed.
Hoccleve has several forms of 'g' but again, this example is what Mooney describes as his 'coathanger 'g''.
the horizontal cross-stroke is not in evidence in this example. The tail of 'g' turns counter-clockwise.
Hoccleve's 'h's are frequently tilted. The limb is often short with no curving continuation.
occasionally, as here at the end of a line, the tail-stroke is flicked into reverse.
'h' after 'g' is frequently crossed.
upper case 'h' which is merely an enlarged version of the lower case graph.
on this folio, modern 'r' is used always in initial position and sometimes in medial position.
on this folio, long 'r' is used in medial and final positions.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after vowels and round-bodied graphs.
a long, curved lead-in stroke curving upwards from beneath the body of the graph.
Hoccleve has several versions of long 's'. Here a typical slanted stem, thickly scribed with squarish head-stroke and extension down to the following vowel.
(final 's') kidney-shaped 's' with horned extension is used in final position.
the shaft of long 's' is frequently a split stroke.
a feature of Hoccleve's work is the occasional long 's' with head extending over several of the following graphs, or even as here, over the entire word.
although Hoccleve has other 'w' graphs, this type is used exclusively on the folio sampled.
again, the long tail of 'y' which curls back up to end above the graph, sometimes with added dot or hook to finish, is a classic Hoccleve usage.
thorn is only used on this folio for the 'that' abbreviation.
superscript 't' is usually set above the thorn and to the right.
|Upper Case Letters|
many of Hoccleve's upper case graphs are flamboyant in style.
an example which shows horned 'e' but also a circular 'e' graph to finish.
'e' in final position frequently sports a tag or tongue.
'p' in initial position has a hooked angled leading stroke at the head.
'p' in final position has a leading stroke which is not quite so angled.
Usage: may but
Hoccleve uses a variety of punctuation marks to separate out phrases as here with a simple virgule.
Usage: lefte al
a punctus elevatus is used in this example.
Usage: bed he
another form of separator.
Usage: the iii(de) sone
punctus marks used before and after the number and the 'de' abbreviation.