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Scribal Profile
John Newton
Profiles for this Scribe:
1. Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Laud misc. 416 (SC 1479)
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Laud misc. 416
Identification:Hand 2
Sampled Folios:226v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: atte
single compartment 'a' is used almost all the time.
Usage: along
occasionally the scribe uses anglicana 'a' either as a stand-alone indefinite article or sometimes to begin a word as here. There does not seem to be any pattern to this usage.
Usage: quartus
anglicana 'a' is used in the display script of the scribe.
Usage: Amen
it is difficult to establish which words the scribe intends to capitalise as the graph used appears to be the same anglicana 'a' which appears from time to time in the text for no apparent reason.
Usage: doute
looped 'd' is used throughout.
Usage: lord
in final position 'd' usually has a trailing tag.
Usage: byddyng
Usage: drawyn
a rare occurrence of 'd' with open centre.
Usage: grete
secretary tailed 'g' is used throughout.
Usage: fyghtyng
in final position the scribe extends the hairline head-stroke.
Usage: hanggid
the tail of 'g' turns counter-clockwise. A single line provides the hairline head-strokes for both graphs.
Usage: Grace
Usage: halowyn
'h' has a leaning looped head-stroke and a neatly contained descending limb which curves gently.
Usage: English
when 'h' is in final position and follows 's', 'c', 'g', and 't' it is almost always crossed.
Usage: knyght(es)
the combination 'ght' with abbreviative mark for the plural element.
Usage: Here
the English explicit which seems to begin with a more formal graph for 'H' which probably denotes the upper case graph.
Usage: ropis
the scribe has a selection of 'r's but 'z'-shaped 'r' is the one used most frequently in initial and medial positions.
Usage: our(e)
modern 'r' is also found, usually in medial or in final positions.
Usage: warriours
long 'r' is also found occasionally, mainly when the consonant is doubled although there is also an example of modern 'r' doubled on this folio.
Usage: Rhodo
Usage: second
long 's' is almost always found in initial and medial positions.
Usage: enemies
sigma 's' is used in final position.
Usage: quartus
an example of a 6-shaped 's' in the display script of the scribe.
Usage: Sir
upper case 'S'.
Usage: wepyn
'w' is cursive and exists as two 'v's with the left arm usually longer than the middle stroke.
Usage: trow
Usage: shewid
Usage: throwyth
'w' usually sits higher than the surrounding graphs.
Usage: yren
the 'y' graph is formed in consistent fashion.
Usage: navy
Usage: travaylyng
Usage: Amendyng
Usage: þu
thorn is used infrequently and used on the folio examined only for these abbreviated forms, all with following superscript.
Usage: þe
Usage: þt
Usage: þt
Upper Case Letters
Usage: The
Usage: Iohn
Usage: Neuton
Usage: Explicit
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP