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Scribal Profile
John Marchaunt or Scribe D
Profiles for this Scribe:
11. USA, New York,NY, Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library MS Plimpton 265
Current Manuscript:USA, New York,NY, Columbia University, Rare Book and Manuscript Library MS Plimpton 265
Sampled Folios:19v, 36v, 37r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: arist
double compartment 'a' is used throughout. Although this example shows the upper compartment as slightly larger, it is more usual to find a smaller upper and larger lower compartment.
Usage: After
Scribe D uses a number of versions of upper case 'A' in all his manuscripts. Three different versions are found on the three folios consulted.
Usage: Amans
this 'A' with overhanging upper lobe occurs frequently in Scribe D's manuscripts.
Usage: Amans
'a' with rectangular lower compartment is also a frequent occurrence.
Usage: destrempred
neatly formed looped 'd' with rounded lower lobe.
Usage: affraied
frequently found in Scribe D's manuscripts is this open-centred 'd'.
Usage: dede
an example of both versions in this word.
Usage: qd
again a classic 'qd' by this scribe with tag forming a curve from the centre of the loop of 'd'.
Usage: gladnesse
the upper compartment of 'g' usually has a vertical aspect, whereas the lower compartment has a horizontal one.
Usage: among
the lower compartment is often triangular in shape.
Usage: nought
Usage: God
Usage: hem
the tail-stroke may finish beneath the body of the graph but there are other variations as seen in the following versions.
Usage: which
tail-stroke curving clockwise followed by 'h' with tail-stroke curving first clockwise then turning counter-clockwise to finish.
Usage: vpright
Usage: which hele haþ
a series of 'h's all consistently formed.
Usage: receyue
long 'r' is used in all positions in the text.
Usage: fader
rounded downward curve to finish the shoulder of 'r'.
Usage: forme
'z'-shaped 'r' always follows 'o' and some round-bodied graphs. It may or may not sport the otiose tag from the bottom left of the graph.
Usage: alterius
modern 'r' is used occasionally in the Latin glosses in this manuscript. Long 'r' is also used.
Usage: self
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. It frequently has a sort of small wing on the left close to the top of the shaft where the scribe places his pen to initiate the stroke.
Usage: swordes
sigma 's' is also used in initial position.
Usage: tymes
kidney-shaped 's' is found in final position.
Usage: Sche
Usage: which
looped anglicana 'w' with closed head loops is the most frequent version of this graph. 'w' usually has a rounded aspect.
Usage: how
the middle limb may also be open at the head.
Usage: wolt
Usage: Wher
there is no difference between upper and lower case graphs.
Usage: ioyful
'y' usually has a vertical left limb. The tail-stroke varies in length.
Usage: tueye
occasionally 'y' is dotted.
Usage: why
sometimes the tail returns to the height of the top of the body of the graph.
Usage: myn
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þenke
thorn is used frequently on all occasions. It is also used as a replacement for 'th'.
Usage: takþ
Usage: ȝit
yogh is used as equivalent of the 'y' element.
Usage: seruantȝ
yogh is also used as equivalent of the 'z' sound of the plural.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: The
Usage: Boicius
typical Scribe D 'B' with 2-shaped element preceding the graph and vertical line separating the '3' shape from the '2' shape.
Usage: In
Usage: Haþ
upper case 'H' with circle to the left of the stem.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP