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Scribal Profile
John Marchaunt or Scribe D
Profiles for this Scribe:
2. London, British Library MS Additional 27944
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Additional 27944
Identification:Hand A
Folios:2-7v, 196r-335vb
Sampled Folios:3v, 4r, 196r (line 9 column b)
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: argentu(m)
typical lower case double compartment 'a' used throughout.
Usage: Al
Scribe 'D' does vary his upper case 'A's in different manuscripts. The three examples on these folios are represented elsewhere in his work.
Usage: Also
Usage: Amaȝonia
Usage: kynde
squarish lower lobe with rounded loop, neatly contained is the typical shape of the 'd' graph.
Usage: ysid
'd' in final position is often tagged.
Usage: leede
a classic Scribe D 'd' with open interior.
Usage: De
upper case 'D' and lower case 'e' with tagged tongue. Initial letters of the Index are tipped with yellow.
Usage: grew
'g' quite often has an angular or triangular lower lobe.
Usage: fretyng
'g' with incomplete lower lobe and added tag.
Usage: generali
an isolated example of single compartment 'g'.
Usage: Grandine
upper case letter with parallel line decoration which Scribe D uses in several upper case letters.
Usage: wonderliche
this may be what Doyle and Parkes refer to as the shoulder stroke of 'h' being tucked away rather awkwardly.
Usage: nought
'h' is crossed in 'ch', 'gh' and 'ght' combinations.
Usage: Her
the first letter of a sentence, hence an upper case graph, with pronounced foot at the lower end of the stem.
Usage: kyndeliche
occasionally the scribe turns the tail of 'h' counter-clockwise.
Usage: keruynge
long 'r' with fork at the level of the bottom of surrounding letters. The only example of long 'r' on f196r.
Usage: siluer
modern 'r' used in all positions. It is the preferred graph for 'r' in this manuscript.
Usage: brymston
'z'-shaped 'r' with otiose stroke descending from lower left of the graph. Used after 'o' and some consonants.
Usage: Ruphus
Usage: is
kidney 's' alternates with 8-shaped 's' in final position.
Usage: þinges
8-shaped 's' used frequently as final letter. Note that this 's' has a tag which again is sometimes a feature of Scribe D's hand.
Usage: dissolued
long 's' used in initial position and medially. The vertical is short and does not descend much below the level of surrounding letters.
Usage: Spuma
upper case letter. The letter is tipped with yellow paint. It also features the double parallel lines which are a feature of some of Scribe D's upper case letters.
Usage: wonderliche
Usage: whitnesse
occasionally the head of the graph is open.
Usage: weled
Usage: ysid
'y' is sometimes dotted, sometimes not.
Usage: watry
occasionally 'y' has a sort of tick stroke above rather than a dot. The scribe often uses this tick stroke for the dot above 'i'.
Usage: heuy
Usage: may
sometimes the scribe does extend the tail of 'y', here seen taking him up to the next graph.
Usage: þer
Scribe D uses thorn frequently not just for definite articles, adjectives and adverbs, but also for verb endings and replacement of 'th' in the middle of a word.
Usage: þing
like most of Scribe D's letter forms, the thorn graph is consistently formed with short stem , evenly sized lobe and small introductory flick to begin the stem.
Usage: seiþ
Usage: erþe
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Gyon
upper case letters which display the double parallel line feature often used by Scribe D in his manuscripts.
Usage: Tigre
he does not always decorate his upper case letters with parallel lines but these examples are taken from his index and all are tipped with yellow wash. The parallel lines give more distinction to the graphs.
Usage: Spuma
Usage: Quinquagesima
More Upper Case Letters
Usage: Novembri
Scribe D's 'N's are usually of this distinctive shape. They are frequently decorated with either single line, double line or dot. Sometimes Scribe D uses two sets of parallel lines to decorate.
Usage: Nocte
the graph usually has a soft curve at the base of the left vertical, a rounded top and a foot on the lower right.
Usage: Pentecoste
upper case 'P' usually has a curved stroke within the lobe.
Usage: Bubone
'B' with 2-shaped element to begin.
More Upper Case Letters
Usage: Junio
a typical upper case 'I'.
Usage: Ianuario
this is a more elaborate example of the scribe's upper case 'I'. The approach stroke at the head has a wider curve than usual and there is also a curve to the left from the bottom of the vertical instead of a simple vertical stroke. The single lump of an incipient cross-stroke on the left of the shaft is typical.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP