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Scribal Profile
John Carpenter
Profiles for this Scribe:
Current Manuscript:USA, Philadelphia, PA, Rosenbach Museum & Library MS 1083/29
Sampled Folios:1r, 44r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:Reproduced with permission of the Rosenbach Museum & Library, Philadelphia. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: as
single compartment 'a' used as the lower case graph throughout.
Usage: tale
Usage: As
distinctive upper case graph with sweeping cross-stroke.
Usage: As
probably the more usual upper case 'A' on the folios examined with looped extension into the left margin crossed by a pair of vertical parallel lines.
Usage: desclos
'd' is looped but generally the loop is about the same size as the lower compartment.
Usage: ded
Usage: briddes
the lobe of 'd' is angular rather than rounded in appearance.
Usage: Do
Usage: good
'g' is tailed with short thick stroke descending from the right side of the lobe. This then turns clockwise and descends as a finer stroke in tapering fashion.
Usage: A mong
'g' in final position almost always has an added vertical tag descending from the extended horizontal head-stroke.
Usage: Iuggement
Usage: mighte
Usage: hise
'h' has an open head with tail-stroke which sweeps down at an angle to finish beyond the stem of the graph.
Usage: slowh
'h' only seems to be crossed after w. The stem of 'h' is thick, the head-stroke much finer.
Usage: mighte
Usage: He
an elaborate upper case graph for 'H'.
Usage: rede
modern 'r' is used in all positions except where 'z'-shaped 'r' is used.
Usage: Vnder
Usage: bruyt
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o' and several round-bodied graphs.
Usage: Richardes
Usage: self
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. The stem is thick, the head-stroke fine.
Usage: was
kidney-shaped 's' is used in final position.
Usage: Confessor
Usage: So
upper case 'S' with curved strokes at the head and foot.
Usage: we
both limbs of 'w' have feet. The head-strokes connect and form a gently curved top to the graph.
Usage: How
the left arm of 'w' is usually connected to the remainder of the graph at the head.
Usage: two
'w' is a tall letter which towers above surrounding graphs.
Usage: Wher
upper case letter distinct from the lower case graph because of the curving nature of the left arm which extends into the margin.
Usage: hym
the body of 'y' is consistently formed. The tail-strokes are all very fine.
Usage: tyme
the tails of 'y' vary. Some turn counter-clockwise, some, as in this example have a kinked stroke turning clockwise, and others, as in version 3 are a straight line set at an oblique angle.
Usage: eyen
Usage: a yeyn
Usage: þe
thorn is used frequently for all purposes.
Usage: youþe
the stem of thorn is generally long and tapering. The lobe is squarish and sits at the top of the stem.
Usage: þroweþ
Usage: Þis
the scribe even seems to have an upper case version of his thorn with a parallel stroke shadowing the stem and a larger, even more angular, lobe.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
Usage: Bot
Usage: Lo
Usage: I
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP