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Scribal Profile
Hand D
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Harley 7333
Identification:Linne Mooney's Hand D
Folios:65v-72v, 74-119v, 134v-148 (CT), 165-196v, 205-211(Hoccleve)
Sampled Folios:66r, 70r, 132v
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Usage: spake
the scribe's practice appears to be to use single compartment 'a' where it occurs within a word.
Usage: amountith
double compartment 'a' is used for the indefinite article and where 'a' begins a word, as here. This word occurs within a line so one could assume that the scribe did not distinguish between upper and lower case.
Usage: As
this word occurs at the beginning of a line.
Usage: al
again the word occurs within a line but the 'a' is the same as the form also used in upper case situations.
Usage: stede
the scribe uses both looped and unlooped 'd'.
Usage: And
'd' with descending tag occurs frequently in final position in this configuration.
Usage: dothe
as with 'A' this must be the scribe's upper case 'D' but the word does not occur at the beginning of a line.
Usage: endure
on other folios, the scribe alternates the 'd' in version 1 with the unlooped 'd' shown here. However, he is copying a different text so there may have been a time delay.
Usage: glasse
the scribe's typical lower case tailed 'g'. It usually appears set at a slight tilt backwards as here.
Usage: menyng
'g' in final position with extended horizontal slash which begins as the cross-stroke across the head.
Usage: Grete
Usage: this
the scribe has many variations in his graph for 'h'. The limb is usually long and straight. The head-stroke forms a sharp triangle from the stem and crosses the top of the shoulder
Usage: shall
this 'sh' combination is particularly identifiable with the loop of 'h' a continuation from the head-stroke of 's'.
Usage: here
an arching curve made by the single arc for stem and head-stoke.
Usage: Hathe
upper case letter at the beginning of a line. There is a distinct foot at the lower end of the shaft.
Usage: myrrowr
three examples of the scribe's long 'r'. Final 'r' with flourish frequently forks way below the line at the bottom of the letter.
Usage: lordes
modern 'r' is also used by the scribe.
Usage: herte
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o' and 'e'.
Usage: Remevid
the scribe's upper case 'R'.
Usage: fals
square-shaped sigma 's' with horizontal extension is mainly used in final position.
Usage: same
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. Sometimes, as here, the shaft of the letter is split.
Usage: Swerde
this word is not the first word in a line, but as with the letters 'A' and 'D', the scribe uses a type of upper case 'S' seemingly at random.
Usage: glasse
where two long 's's occur together the shafts of the letters frequently splay out at the bottom.
Usage: wisly
both this version and version 2 are used interchangeably.
Usage: worde
Usage: What
'W' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: Wt
Usage: hangynge
although not demonstrated here, 'y' is occasionally dotted.
Usage: ffeyrye
the tail of 'y' often curves up to join the next letter.
Usage: Yf
'Y' in initial position in the line. The curl at the end of the tail is actually the loop of 'H' from the line below.
Usage: my lady
Usage: vppo(n)
the scribe's mark for a macron for the missing 'n'.
Usage: wou(n)de
again a curved stroke with dot beneath for the missing 'n'.
Usage: co(n)ferm
Usage: Observaunce
the top of long 's' often extends across neighbouring letters, sometimes horizontally.
Usage: speche
a very thick stem for this graph.
Usage: p(ro)verbes
round 's' at the end of a word also sometimes extends above other letters in the next word or out into the margin.
Usage: venus ne
Usage: þt
Usage: Þer
the looped approach stroke and the position of the lobe a third of the way down the stem is reminiscent of upper case 'R'.
Usage: Þ(er)e
the 'er' abbreviation.
Usage: broþe(re)
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP