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Scribal Profile
Hand A
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Additional 22139
Sampled Folios:43r, 45r
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Usage: as
almost all the scribe's lower case 'a's are double compartment graphs.
Usage: haue
very occasionally the scribe uses a single compartment 'a' in the body of the text.
Usage: A
the basic shape of upper case 'A' is the same with very angular lobe and concave down-stroke. A waving stroke crosses the down-stroke near the head.
Usage: And
the cross-stroke is frequently extended into the left margin to form a loop.
Usage: desespeir
looped 'd' is used throughout with lower compartment usually pointed at the left.
Usage: vnderstonde
a more rounded version of 'd'.
Usage: hadde
Usage: Deuise
another very spikey graph with 'Z'-shape to begin rather than the more rounded '2'-shape.
Usage: gold
double compartment 'g' with upper compartment which is often diamond-shaped. The lower compartment is triangular.
Usage: Among
'g' in final position with flourish perhaps representative of final 'e'.
Usage: ligge
Usage: Good
Usage: him
h' may be scribed as here with triangular head-loop and neatly contained curving limb and tail.
Usage: whan
sometimes the scribe leaves the head of 'h' open and the limb is straight.
Usage: noght
the tail turns counter-clockwise to finish.
Usage: His
as the first letter of the line one may assume that this is the scribe's upper case version of the graph with loop created into the left margin by continuing the tail of 'H' back to the head of the graph.
Usage: rede
modern 'r' seems to be the preferred graph for initial position, but it is used medially and in final position too. Long 'r' may also be found occasionally.
Usage: desespeir
when modern 'r' is used in final position it always has a long vertical tag attached.
Usage: marbre
'z'-shaped 'r' is used frequently and mainly seems to follow all vowels. However, modern 'r' may also be used to follow vowels. The scribe does not appear to have set rules as to which 'r' graph he selects.
Usage: hunger
Usage: sett
long 's' is usually used in initial position but sigma 's' may also be used. Long 's' is used medially.
Usage: corps
sigma 's' is always used in final position and always has the same oblique or vertical tag which is also found on final 'r' and 't'.
Usage: seknesse
sigma 's' in initial position.
Usage: So
Usage: which
within the text the scribe uses this simple 'w' with looped head.
Usage: How
there is a single lobe to the right.
Usage: trewe
Usage: With
as the first word of a folio or a line, the scribe sometimes uses an unlooped version with limbs extending left into the margin.
Usage: ymage
'y' is almost always dotted. The fork tends to occur just below the lower level of surrounding graphs.
Usage: many
the tail of 'y' is nearly always straight.
Usage: deuyse
Usage: may
a tiny right flick at the end of the tail- stroke.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þay
thorn is used frequently for all functions. At the head is an angled stroke which leads to the descending stem.
Usage: greueþ
the lobe of thorn is also angular.
Usage: ȝou
yogh is used infrequently on the folios examined.
Usage: ȝeuen
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
Usage: Beside
Usage: Iaspre
Usage: Now
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP