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Scribal Profile
Hand A
Current Manuscript:USA, New York, NY, Pierpont Morgan Library & Museum MS M 690
Folios:2-152vb, 161ra-204vb
Sampled Folios:81v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:With permission of the Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum, New York . All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: an
double compartment 'a' is used throughout. Both upper and lower compartments vary in size with sometimes the upper compartment larger and sometimes the lower compartment.
Usage: trauaile
Usage: And
Usage: And
upper case 'A' on the folio sampled is always of this shape and always tipped with yellow wash.
Usage: don
'd' is always looped and evenly formed. The lower lobe is generally angular.
Usage: dremeþ
the formation of 'd' can be seen clearly in this example.
Usage: bedde
Usage: And
image to demonstrate the consistent nature of the scribe's hand.
Usage: gret
'g' is double compartment anglicana 'g'. The graph has a slightly tilted appearance with lower compartment marginally in advance of the upper compartment.
Usage: wring
'g' in final position with flourish perhaps to represent a missing 'e'.
Usage: sluggardie
Usage: Greke
the upper case graph with double parallel line decoration and yellow wash for emphasis.
Usage: here
naetly formed 'h' with triangular head-loop and tail-stroke which is neatly angled but varies in length.
Usage: þogh
Usage: ydelschipe
Usage: Here
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line and washed with yellow.
Usage: reson
modern 'r' is used in all positions except after 'o'.
Usage: ouer
'r' in final position with fine upturn.
Usage: co(n)fessor
'z'-shaped 'r' after 'o'. The rubric is within the text box and the scribe does not employ a special script to differentiate.
Usage: Right
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: sone
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
Usage: sciences
a very sturdy '8'-shaped 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: Confessor
Usage: So
Usage: were
in initial position 'w' frequently has a loop or triangle (as in version 3) to the left of the left limb.
Usage: how
in final position the heads of the limbs turn to the right.
Usage: what
Usage: Wherof
'W' in initial position in the line.
Usage: ydel
the left limb of 'y' descends vertically.
Usage: eny
the fork of 'y' is below the level of surrounding graphs.
Usage: lusty
the tail of 'y' may be short, turning counter-clockwise.
Usage: may
the tail may also be longer and turn to trace its original descent back to the body of the graph.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: haþ
thorn is used frequently by the scribe.
Usage: Þe
here thorn is used in initial position in the line and is tipped with yellow.
Usage: noȝt
yogh occurs twice on this folio and is representative of the 'gh' and the 'y' elements. However, the scribe does not always use yogh on these occasions.
Usage: ȝit
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
Usage: If
Usage: TOwarde
Usage: Be
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP