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Scribal Profile
Hand 4
Profiles for this Scribe:
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Rawlinson poet. 163
Sampled Folios:56r
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Usage: also
the scribe uses both single and double compartment 'a' with no definable pattern.
Usage: answered
double compartment 'a' at the beginning of a word. This graph usually stands taller than surrounding graphs as seen here.
Usage: And
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: And
in the same position at the beginning of a line. This version with more pointed lower lobe.
Usage: bad
the scribe has a rounded looped 'd' as seen here.
Usage: doon
at times he also uses a more pointed lower lobe for 'd'.
Usage: misericorde
when 'd' is followed by 'e' or 'o' the loop of 'd' is continued with a single stroke to form a ligature with the next letter.
Usage: Do
the word occurs at the beginning of a line so may be representative of the scribe's upper case letter.
Usage: signe
the lower lobe of 'g' is generally larger than the upper lobe but may be wider as here, or at an angle as in version 3.
Usage: thyng
where 'g' is the final letter of the word it usually sports a curled loop at the end of the horizontal slash.
Usage: grace
initial 'g' set at an angle.
Usage: Naght
'ght' combination. The lower compartment of 'g' does not connect back with the upper compartment.
Usage: hym
'h' is usually neatly contained with looped head-stroke and tail-stroke tucked away.
Usage: Wythouten
'h' tends to be crossed in 'th', 'ch' and 'ght' combinations.
Usage: myght
where 'h' follows 'g' the tail-stroke flicks in reverse fashion.
Usage: He
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: certeyn
long 'r' is used on most occasions. The stem is thick.
Usage: more
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o' and some consonants.
Usage: harme
modern 'r' is also in the scribe's repertoire although it occurs only on a couple of occasions on this folio.
Usage: hyre
'r' in final position with 'e' attached which looks like a flourish.
Usage: Jelous
sigma 's' is used in both initial and final positions. Here in final position it is used with an extended horizontal head-stroke.
Usage: signe
long 's' and 'f' have thick tapering descenders with finer head-strokes. Long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
Usage: Cresseyde
where double 's' is used the two graphs splay out from the vertical.
Usage: She
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: what
the scribe uses this graph for 'w' most of the time whether for lower case, as here or, as in version 2, at the beginning of a line so could be considered his upper case shape also.
Usage: What
Usage: Wythouten
on two occasions on this folio, the scribe uses this much more elaborate graph as an upper case letter.
Usage: why
the tail of 'y' varies in length of descender and in the angle of the curve described.
Usage: certeyn
Usage: amys
Mixed bag
Usage: malice
the 'ce' ligature is formed as a single stroke.
Usage: The scribe draws a line in the text ink to separate the stanzas.
Usage: Of
the scribe's upper case 'O' at the beginning of a stanza.
Usage: Naght
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP