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Hand 3
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Rawlinson poet. 163
Sampled Folios:23r
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Usage: a
the scribe has a simple secretary 'a'.
Usage: saide
he also has variations with horned feature at the head and an extension from the left corner of the square lobe.
Usage: And
Usage: And
Usage: red
both looped and unlooped 'd' are used by the scribe. The lobe of unlooped 'd' is a diamond shape.
Usage: doune
looped 'd' also has an angular lobe.
Usage: ded
looped and unlooped versions used in the same word.
Usage: game
a simple secretary tailed 'g'.
Usage: gan
'g' with reverse flick of the tail stroke.
Usage: thoght
where 'ght' are in combination, there is often an arching stroke above the three letters rather than a specific crossing of the 'h'.
Usage: Gan
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: whiche
(first 'h'). The 'h' graph is evenly formed, generally with a shortish limb and often with an open head-stroke.
Usage: thoght
another 'ght' combination, here with dot beneath the curved stroke over the letters.
Usage: swich
in the combination 'ch' or 'th', the 'h' is often crossed.
Usage: His
the arch of the head-stroke is mirrored by the sweep of the tail.
Usage: red
modern 'r' is used in initial and final positions.
Usage: Crisseide
'z'-shaped 'r' is used not only after 'o'.
Usage: hir
the single example of long 'r' on this folio.
Usage: Right
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: was
horned 's' used in final position.
Usage: self
long 's' is used initially and medially. There is usually a fine otiose stroke angled down from the tip of the head-stroke.
Usage: prouesse
the scribe's graphs are well-controlled. When 'ss' occurs, the first 's' is not as tall as the second letter.
Usage: wax
a cursive 'w' in initial position but not an upper case letter.
Usage: How
'w' in final position.
Usage: While
upper case letter at the beginning of a line.
Usage: Whan
a different version of 'W' with head strokes curving to the right rather than leaning backwards.
Usage: cryen
the tail of 'y' is usually extravagantly curved.
Usage: mercy and
Usage: Yaf
upper case letter at the beginning of a line with a looped approach stroke to the left limb.
Usage: Strapwork for the first elaborate initial of the folio. Probably done by the scribe himself.
Usage: Stanzas are divided with a bracket line in red ink.
Usage: Brackets for rhyming words.
Usage: Elaborate 'Nota' at the top of the right margin.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP