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Hand 2
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Additional 12044
Sampled Folios:68r
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Usage: cause
single compartment 'a' used almost exclusively for the lower case letter.
Usage: sawe
use of double compartment 'a' in the middle of a word. The scribe regularly uses double compartment 'A' for the upper case letter, however, this is one of the few lower-case ones.
Usage: Astronomye
Usage: Asschen
Usage: distresse
neatly formed looped 'd'.
Usage: and
the scribe occasionally does not complete the loop of 'd'.
Usage: and
occasionally he also leaves a space between lobe and loop of the letter.
Usage: doun
use of this form of 'd' is similar practise to Scribe 1 in this manuscript. Are they the same scribes, or just trained in the same place?
Usage: grace
this 'g' sits on the line. Most, but not all 'g's are so situated.
Usage: longe
the lower compartment is triangular, the upper compartment rounded.
Usage: greye
Usage: Tellyng
'g' in final position with tag perhaps representative of a missing 'e'.
Usage: hem
the tail-stroke usually curves gently clockwise to just below the line.
Usage: haue
occasionally the limb sits on the line.
Usage: wrothe
triangular head-loop in this example.
Usage: schall
the head of 'c' continues to the head-loop of 'h'.
Usage: riȝte
initial long 'r'. The 'r' is similar to the long 'r' used by Hand 1 but in this part of the manuscript, modern 'r' is used more frequently.
Usage: never
modern 'r' used frequently and when in final position it almost always has a flourish as here.
Usage: Antenor
even 'z'-shaped 'r' has a flourish when in final position.
Usage: Riȝte
Usage: pees
sigma 's' in final position. Occasional use as the initial letter.
Usage: a monges
the 's' is often left open in cursive manner.
Usage: so
as with Hand 1 in this manuscript, the long 's' frequently shows evidence of an approach stroke. The head-stroke is sometimes detached. Long 's' almost always used as the initial letter as well as medially.
Usage: So
upper case 'S' as first letter of line.
Usage: sawe
a distinctive form which varies little. It is different from the 'w' of Hand 1 in this manuscript, though both are distinctive and consistent.
Usage: with
Usage: Now
Usage: What
used as the first letter of a line.
Usage: delyu(er)e
the body of the letter sits above the line. The tail does not descend very far below the line and occasionally sits on it.
Usage: may
the tail of 'y' may be straight.
Usage: yf
the tail of 'y' is longer in this example and turns counter-clockwise to link up with the following graph.
Usage: Ye
Abbreviative marks
Usage: confuceoun
Usage: delyu(er)e
Usage: Antenor
perhaps a strange use of this version of 'r' accompanied by a flourish.
Usage: doun
Usage: riȝte
yogh is used frequently to represent both the 'y' sound and also the 'gh' element.
Usage: ȝe
Usage: cauȝte
the main part of the graph is situated well above the line. The tail extends to just below the line.
Usage: ȝoure
Usage: I
although the approach stroke varies in length, curve and size, 'I' always seems to be a statement.
Usage: I
Usage: I
Usage: I
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP