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Scribal Profile
Hand 1
Current Manuscript:USA, San Marino, CA, Henry E. Huntington Library MS El 26 A.13
Sampled Folios:1r, 25v, 115r,
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Usage: maist
'a' is almost always straight-sided with horizontal cross-bar or a more conventional double compartment graph, though see version 3.
Usage: as
Usage: adam
the only single compartment 'a' on the three folios examined.
Usage: As
the scribe has an array of upper case 'A's which he seems to enjoy experimenting with.
Usage: discrecioun
the scribe's 'd's are evenly formed with a lower lobe with straight right side and a reverse loop above, leading to the curved stroke which closes the head of the lower lobe.
Usage: and
Usage: Lettred
Usage: qd
the comma-like addition following the 'd' is presumably this scribe's method of providing the tag.
Usage: greuous
the tail of 'g' frequently turns clockwise to a horizontal and curves back on itself to finish.
Usage: seruyng
'g's in final position are frequently tagged.
Usage: owght
Usage: gretter
Usage: hath
the scribe sometimes treats the tail-stroke of 'h' in the same way as the tail of 'g'.
Usage: Thow
a simpler treatment of 'h'. The limb descends vertically, and a short tail continues clockwise.
Usage: He
an elaborate curl added to the head of the stem of upper case 'H'.
Usage: Hit
a different form of the upper case letter with floreated head.
Usage: requeste
modern 'r' is used in all positions except after 'o' and round-bodied graphs.
Usage: for
'z'-shaped 'r' is used specifically only after 'o' and after round-bodied graphs such as 'p' and 'b'. The graph resembles two diamond shapes one above the other. The otiose stroke descends from the left point of the lower diamond shape and may be seen in this example.
Usage: Ther
'r' in final position is sometimes flourished.
Usage: enprenteth
'z'-shaped 'r' after 'p'.
Usage: shryned
long 's' is always used in initial and medial positions. This is the scribe's usual example with stem ending with slight curve to the left.
Usage: is
8-shaped 's' is always used in final position. It may be with or without a tag addition.
Usage: cownseille
the scribe's version of long 's' used on the opening folio. The stroke continues in a graceful curve beneath preceding graphs. A fine bar is set at right angles at the tip of the head-stroke.
Usage: Strecchen
upper case 'S' with double parallel lines as decoration.
Usage: whos
the 'w' used most frequently by the scribe with left limb curving to the left at the head and the middle arm extending above the level of the body of the graph and turning to the right.
Usage: Owte
occasionally the scribe uses this simpler version.
Usage: Which
an odd variation on the first folio of the manuscript as the first letter in a line.
Usage: Whiche
the upper case 'W' which is the same as the lower case example in version 1.
Usage: ys
the scribe's 'y' is very like a thorn. It always has a curved stroke as a dot above the graph.
Usage: Wymmen
the left stroke forms a straight side and peters out into a thin fine line which serves as a tail.
Usage: acqueyntaunce
Usage: I
Usage: ȝonge
yogh is used as equivalent of both 'y' and 'gh.
Usage: briȝt
Usage: ȝit
Usage: ȝow
Upper Case Letters
Usage: And
another of the scribe's fancy forms of upper case 'A'.
Usage: Mi
'M' with curious backwards 'B' at the left side.
Usage: Than
Usage: Blessed
2-shaped element to the left and double parallel lines within.
More Upper Case Letters
Usage: Like
'L; with curved extended stroke at the foot.
Usage: I
Usage: And
another form of 'A'.
Usage: Upon
the scribe often uses a sequence of upper case letters decorated with dots.
Usage: Uerba
face included as decoration at the left side of the graph.
Usage: translatoris
sail-like decoration of the ascender.
Usage: translatoris
trailing extension to 's' as the final letter in the line.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP