single compartment 'a' with horned head.
'a' in initial position in a word. Perhaps because of the initial position of the 'a' graph, there is a visible turn as the scribe places, then moves the nib, to form the left side of the square compartment.
one of the several versions of upper case 'A' used by this scribe.
a second version of 'A' with a different version of the forked head.
the scribe uses both looped and unlooped 'd'. The lobe of looped 'd' is very angular. Although not always the case, the scribe tends to use the looped version in initial position.
unlooped 'd' with a much more rounded lower lobe.
unlooped 'd' usually used in medial and final positions.
in the upper case position at the beginning of a line. The upper loop looks slightly incongruous as if an after-thought.
secretary 'g' is formed in similar fashion throughout. The tail of 'g' turns counter-clockwise.
'g' in final position.
the 'ght' combination.
'h' is consistently formed with a neat, small loop at the head and a longish tail stroke which on some folios is much longer than on others.
'h' with lengthened tail stroke which never seems to turn counter-clockwise.
on a few examples of 'h' there is a sort of horned prong at the base of the stem.
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line. It is exactly the same as the lower case graph.
modern 'r' is used in all positions.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used occasionally. It is always used after 'o' and 'h'. Elsewhere it may follow round-bodied graphs such as 'b'.
upper case 'R' is used on occasions other than at the beginning of a line. When a verb begins with 'r' then the upper case letter is used, as in 'Ronge', Rente'.
kidney-shaped 's' is always used in final position.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
the scribe has two forms of upper case 'S'. Here the enlarged sigma shape.
the second example of upper case 'S'.
the majority of the scribe's 'w' are of this cursive form. The lead-in stroke varies in length depending on position in the word or in the line. For example on f27r, the 'w's on the bottom line have very long lead-in strokes which begin below the line.
occasionally the 'w' has closed loops at the head.
this example is a hybrid with head-loops attached on a separate occasion. Perhaps the scribe stopped his writing and began after a pause.
upper case 'W' with a turned stroke at the bottom of the second arm. The usual rounded lobe to the right of the graph becomes a square.
the fork of 'y' is at the lower level of surrounding graphs. The tail may be fairly contained as here or extended as in version 2.
as with extended tails of 'h' and the lead-in strokes of 'w', the lengthened tail of 'y' reinforces the impression of slant.
'y' in initial position.
upper case 'Y' at the beginning of a line.
the scribe uses thorn frequently for the definite article, pronouns and demonstrative adjectives.
the formation of thorn is mainly consistent with squarish lobe attached to a stem which ends just below the line.
thorn at the beginning of a line in an upper case position.
|Upper Case Letters|
distinctive upper case 'I' with a short, turned head stroke and a slight curve of the descender.
squarish graph with a central added line which usually ends before it reaches the lowest point of the graph.
a florid 'B' with '2'-shaped attachment in front of the graph.
several of the scribe's upper case graphs have vertical lines bisecting them.
Usage: Heart-shaped extension from the word 'and' on the top line of the folio. This feature may be an identifying mark for this scribe.
Usage: Elaborate strap-work decoration from the initial letter on this folio.
Usage: A greatly extended 'ff' for the beginning of this folio. It probably also had some strapwork decoration at the top before the cropping of the manuscript.
Usage: Similar decoration applied at the bottom of the folio for decoration for 'Cantus Atigone'.