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Scribal Profile
Hand 1
Current Manuscript:England, Alnwick, Northumberland, Alnwick Castle, (Duke of Northumberland), MS 460 scientific texts including Chaucer's 'Astrolabe'.
Sampled Folios:182r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: and
single compartment secretary 'a' used throughout with little variation.
Usage: clymatis
Usage: Astrolabie
upper case 'A' used consistently for references to the Astrolabe, to Arabians and Arabic and also at the beginning of sense units.
Usage: A
upper compartment 'A' at the beginning of a line. Consistently shaped in this way.
Usage: dyvyded
the initial 'd' in this word. Most of the scribe's 'd' graphs have a pointed lobe as seen here.
Usage: divided
the final 'd' in this word. Where 'd' is the final graph it always has a descending tag.
Usage: occidental
'd' in the middle of a word. The shape is substantially the same.
Usage: wordes
a slightly modified 'd' in the middle of a word.
Usage: good
secretary 'g' in initial position.
Usage: descendyng
'g' in final position with extended horizontal head-stroke.
Usage: gen(er)all
secretary horned 'g' in initial position.
Usage: Grekes
upper case 'G'.
Usage: have
conventional 'h' in initial position.
Usage: crosseth
when 'h' follows 't' whether in the middle of a word or as here in final position, it is almost always crossed.
Usage: night
the 'gut' combination.
Usage: knowlech
in the red ink of the title in the formal hand of the scribe, 'h' following 'c' is also crossed.
Usage: reet
modern 'r' is used in all positions most of the time, although long 'r' and 'z'-shaped 'r' are also present.
Usage: her
'r' in final position almost always has a distinct upward flourish to finish.
Usage: for
distinctive curled descender from lower left of the graph always present.
Usage: Rome
upper case 'R'.
Usage: seith
long 's' in initial position. Also used medially.
Usage: conclusions
sigma 's' in final position is the most usual graph. However, see s3 for a variation.
Usage: Lowes
this 's' is used for words in final position for the first two lines of the folio. Thereafter sigma 's' is used in final position.
Usage: crosse
an example of the scribe's double 's'.
Usage: wrappith
most of the scribe's 'w's are variations on this pattern wherever they occur in the word. The left arm is invariably extended with left-ward sweep.
Usage: wt
the scribe's version of the abbreviation for 'with'.
Usage: thow
'w' in final position.
Usage: West
upper case 'W' totally unlike the lower case letter. Interestingly the scribe uses an upper case graph for the compass points for East and North.
Usage: [L]Ytell
the first word of the text. The first 5-line initial 'L' is missing. The following 'Y' appears to be upper case.
Usage: by
the tail of 'y' varies in length and curvature.
Usage: prayers
Usage: dyvyded
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Take
upper case 'T' in characteristic form.
Usage: Est
upper case 'E' for 'Est' to match the upper case 'W' in 'West'.
Usage: Northe
upper case 'N' for another compass point.
Usage: But
elaborate 'Z' (rater than 2)-shaped element to preced 'B'.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP