single compartment secretary 'a' used throughout with little variation.
upper case 'A' used consistently for references to the Astrolabe, to Arabians and Arabic and also at the beginning of sense units.
upper compartment 'A' at the beginning of a line. Consistently shaped in this way.
the initial 'd' in this word. Most of the scribe's 'd' graphs have a pointed lobe as seen here.
the final 'd' in this word. Where 'd' is the final graph it always has a descending tag.
'd' in the middle of a word. The shape is substantially the same.
a slightly modified 'd' in the middle of a word.
secretary 'g' in initial position.
'g' in final position with extended horizontal head-stroke.
secretary horned 'g' in initial position.
upper case 'G'.
conventional 'h' in initial position.
when 'h' follows 't' whether in the middle of a word or as here in final position, it is almost always crossed.
the 'gut' combination.
in the red ink of the title in the formal hand of the scribe, 'h' following 'c' is also crossed.
modern 'r' is used in all positions most of the time, although long 'r' and 'z'-shaped 'r' are also present.
'r' in final position almost always has a distinct upward flourish to finish.
distinctive curled descender from lower left of the graph always present.
upper case 'R'.
long 's' in initial position. Also used medially.
sigma 's' in final position is the most usual graph. However, see s3 for a variation.
this 's' is used for words in final position for the first two lines of the folio. Thereafter sigma 's' is used in final position.
an example of the scribe's double 's'.
most of the scribe's 'w's are variations on this pattern wherever they occur in the word. The left arm is invariably extended with left-ward sweep.
the scribe's version of the abbreviation for 'with'.
'w' in final position.
upper case 'W' totally unlike the lower case letter. Interestingly the scribe uses an upper case graph for the compass points for East and North.
the first word of the text. The first 5-line initial 'L' is missing. The following 'Y' appears to be upper case.
the tail of 'y' varies in length and curvature.
|Upper Case Letters|
upper case 'T' in characteristic form.
upper case 'E' for 'Est' to match the upper case 'W' in 'West'.
upper case 'N' for another compass point.
elaborate 'Z' (rater than 2)-shaped element to preced 'B'.