double compartment 'a' is used throughout. The scribe's hand is neat and coordinated. The upper compartment is usually slightly smaller than the lower one.
one of the variant upper case 'A's on the folios examined.
the version of 'A' which is used most frequently on the folios sampled.
'd' with open centre. The upper loop resolves on the lower left side of the lobe without continuing to finish the looped stroke. There are two examples of unlooped 'd' in the red ink gloss on f103v for the word 'Adriano'.
'd' in final position.
upper case 'D' at the beginning of a line.
double compartment 'g' is used throughout. The upper compartment has a more vertical aspect, the lower compartment is angular and has more of a horizontal aspect.
'g' in final position with vertical tag attached to the horizontal slash.
the triangular shape of the lobe is commonplace.
occasionally the scribe does not complete the lower compartment leaving a small gap between lower and upper lobes.
the graph is neatly dealt with. The tail of 'h' is not usually very long and follows round in a clockwise curve.
'h' in final position is often crossed when it follows 'g', 'c' or 't'. Note also that this is one occasion when the scribe turns the tail of 'h' to flick counter-clockwise to finish.
one of the slightly more elaborate upper case 'H's in the scribe's repertoire.
a somewhat larger version of lower case 'H' as the initial letter of a line. The scribe does have other variants for his upper case graph.
modern 'r' is used in initial, medial and final positions except after 'o' and some round-bodied graphs.
'z'-shaped 'r' to follow 'o'. The otiose stroke from the lower left of the graph is often longer than the example see here.
upper case 'R'.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
a very angular form of '8'-shaped 's' is used in final position.
occasionally this scribe uses this form of final 's' rather than the 8-shaped variety which is mainly used in this manuscript.
upper case 'S' with double parallel line decoration.
'w' usually has loops at the head which turn to the right to close. Often the right head-stroke is left open. There is always a 'B'-shaped element to the right.
a single variant 'w' on the two folios examined. This demonstrates that scribes have several variant graphs in their repertoire which they may use as standards in other manuscripts.
open head-stroke for the middle arm.
upper case 'W'.
the scribe's 'y's have a uniform body. There is usually a dot above the graph and the remnants of one may be seen in this image. The tail may be shorter or longer.
occasionally the scribe does an acute turn to finish the tail of 'y'.
there is hardly any turn on the tail of 'y' in this example.
|Thorn and Yogh|
the scribe uses thorn frequently to replace 'th' in whatever position and whatever word.
the scribe may use yogh as representative of both the 'y' and 'gh' elements. However, he does not always do so.
|Upper Case Letters|