double compartment 'a' is used throughout.
'a' is sometimes set at a slight tilt when joining on to the next graph.
sometimes the head of 'a' is flattened.
'a' may appear misshapen at times.
looped 'd' is used invariably.
'd' in final position with loop curving back over the previous graph.
double compartment anglicana 'g' is always used. The lower compartment is set slightly ahead of the upper compartment.
'g' is also tilted slightly. Here the horizontal slash from the upper lobe slants upwards to join the head of 'e'.
a word in the gutter so difficult to see clearly. There are few 'g's on this folio.
the stem of 'h' is straight with head-loop forming a triangular shape. The head-loops on 'l', 'b' and 'k' are similarly formed.
'h' in final position with tail unusually turning counter-clockwise to finish.
sometimes the tail of 'h' sweeps beneath the previous graph.
the 'ch' combination. The bottom of the head-loop lies across the shoulder.
long 'r' used throughout in every position except after 'o'.
'r' in final position.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o'. The descending otiose stroke to finish emanates from the right corner of the lower stroke and descends back at an angle below previous graphs, ending in a small curl.
upper case 'R' used in the middle of a sentence for no apparent reason.
sigma 's' is used in initial and final positions. In initial position it frequently drops below the lower level of following graphs.
long 's' is also used in initial and medial positions.
sigma 's' in final position. The strokes frequently cross at the head.
the left limb of 'w' is looped with loop returning to the limb stroke. The right limb has a head-stroke which is often open, curving to the right above the final 'B'-shaped element.
sometimes the 'w' is almost circular.
'w' in final position.
the scribe often abbreviates 'with'.
'y' in final position with a short turn of the tail counter-clockwise. The tail may be straight or turn briefly as in this example.
the two arms of 'y' do not connect and the tail is straight.
Usage: y' is sometimes dotted.
|Thorn and Wedge Punctuation|
the only thorns on the folio examined are for the abbreviation of 'that'.
Usage: p(er)petuel. // tak
the wedge-shaped inverted triangle or paragraphus is rarely found in the manuscripts consulted. It is associated with Chaucer in the Hengwrt and Ellesmere copies of the 'Canterbury Tales' copied by Adam Pinkhurst and may be a form used by Chaucer himself.
Usage: polised // of
the paragraphus generally marks the beginning of a new sententia.
'e' in final position has a variety of forms. Here the 'e' is circular.
final 'e' with tongue-like extension.
an example to show how far the tongue may extend.
a perfectly normal final 'e' with not extensions.