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Scribal Profile
Edmund-Fremund Scribe
Profiles for this Scribe:
1. London, British Library MS Harley 4826
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Harley 4826
Sampled Folios:67v, 94v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: and
almost all the scribe's lower case 'a's are formed in this way.
Usage: And
the scribe has several types of upper case 'A'. This is a larger and more rounded version of the lower case letter, used at the beginning of a line.
Usage: Art
single compartment upper case 'A' used at the beginning of a line. I can find no single compartment lower case 'a' within the body of the text, though there may be some on other folios.
Usage: And
another version of upper case 'A'.
Usage: husbondys
the scribe's 'd's are usually formed in this way with upper loop curving back just beyond the lower lobe.
Usage: downward
final 'd' in this word. Final 'd' is often tagged as here.
Usage: hadde
Usage: Dialogus
'D' in the running title of the folio in the hand of the scribe.
Usage: greve
on the two separate folios consulted, this tailed 'g' is used almost exclusively on f67v.
Usage: among
'g' in final position usually has a tag as here.
Usage: goste
on f94v, anglcana 'g' is used on most occasions.
Usage: labouring
in final position this 'g' also has a trailing tag.
Usage: hadde
a typically neat version of 'h'.
Usage: dishese
a longer limb and tail-stroke give this 'h' an elongated appearance.
Usage: hath
in the combinations 'ch', 'gh' and 'th', the 'h' is almost always crossed.
Usage: myght
Usage: wrrechidnesse
the scribe rarely uses long 'r' on the folios sampled. However, its use here is rather odd anyway with 'rr' used unexpectedly in this word.
Usage: fadir
modern 'r' is used in medial and final positions on the folios examined. Here, in final position, it is flourished.
Usage: drede
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o' and various consonants including 'w' and 'd'.
Usage: Repe
upper case 'R' seems to be used when 'r' is in initial position. For all words on these two folios which begin with 'r' the upper case version is used. The scribe does capitalise a mixed variety of words, both nouns and verbs, for example, 'Ryse', 'Erly and 'Calle'.
Usage: schalle
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions on both folios. However, on f94v, short 's', like a miniature version of the upper case letter, is also used in initial position.
Usage: folkys
sigma 's' is used exclusively in final position on f67v.
Usage: indigencis
8-shaped 's' is used in final position on f94v.
Usage: instans
kidney-shaped 's' is also used in final position on f94v. This scribe can use a curious collection of graphs for a single letter.
Usage: with
a 'w' from f67v. Version 3 is also taken from the same folio. It is clear that the scribe had two types of 'w', both basically the same shape but the 'w's from f67v are more carefully executed than those from f94v.
Usage: wrytynge
a 'w' from f94v. The execution of the graph is much more casual than in version 1.
Usage: wondir
again this graph is from f67v.
Usage: wordlis
this graph is an example from f94v.
Usage: day
on f67v none of the 'y's are dotted and they all have curving tail strokes as seen here. The letter 'i' is dotted on f67v.
Usage: varyable
Usage: myte
on f94v, both 'i' and 'y' are systematically dotted and the tail stroke descends straight with no turn at the end.
Usage: Stoupynge
Thorn and Wt
Usage: þe
thorn is used rarely. It does not occur at all on f67v and only two or three times on f94v.
Usage: þt
the superscript 't' is copied above and slightly to the right of thorn. The lobe of thorn is small.
Usage: wt
the scribe also abbreviates 'with' on f94v. The superscript 't' is copied to the right of the 'w' graph.
Usage: wt(superscript
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
the scribe has a set of graphs which he forms with serrated edges.
Usage: Causeth
Usage: Offte
Usage: Occlyff
from the running title in the hand of the scribe in the top margin.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: To
the scribe has the same set of graphs which he can use without the serrated decoration.
Usage: Consideringe
Usage: Of
Usage: Peyse
Upper Case Letters
Usage: In
Usage: Ne
Usage: But
Usage: Especial
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP