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Scribal Profile
Adam Pinkhurst
Profiles for this Scribe:
7. USA, California, San Marino, Henry E. Huntington Library MS El 26 C. 9
Current Manuscript:USA, San Marino, CA, Henry E. Huntington Library MS El 26 C.9
Sampled Folios:41v, 72r, 123r, 130v, 185v, 232v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
Image Rights:This item is reproduced by permission of The Huntington Library, San Marino, California. All images on this website are reproduced with permission of the Libraries, Archives, and Owners of the manuscripts. Manuscript images that appear on this website remain in the copyright of the libraries where the manuscripts are held. Use of these images for any purpose other than private study without written permission of those libraries is prohibited by law.
Usage: many
lower case 'a' with the first minim of 'n' to show how 'a' usually stands slightly above surrounding letters.
Usage: As
upper case 'A' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: And
a very unusual 'A' to begin the text of the folio.
Usage: As
another variation on Pinkhurst's upper case 'A's.
Usage: endeth
the lower lobe of 'd' is often triangular in shape.
Usage: lond
'd' in final position is often tagged as in this example.
Usage: dradden
Usage: Daunced
the first word in a line, but the scribe's upper case 'D' appears almost the same as his lower case letter except for a slightly exaggerated extension backwards of the upper loop.
Usage: gon
double compartment 'g' used throughout. Both compartments are about the same size.
Usage: kyng
'g' in final position with vertical tag attached to the horizontal slash.
Usage: nyght
Usage: Gladly
Usage: haue
separate head-stroke visible on this graph.
Usage: this
'h' on the top line of a folio.
Usage: Heere
the first word of a rubric.
Usage: the
typical 'barbed wire' decoration on the stem of 'h' in the first line of a tale.
Usage: heere
long 'r' used most of the time. Note the usual position for the fork of the letter which is level with base line and the lower portions of surrounding letters.
Usage: her
flourish on long 'r' often forms a circular addition perhaps representative of a missing final 'e'.
Usage: morne
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o' with curved otiose stroke, often almost a complete circle, descending from the lower left of the graph.
Usage: Right
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: sir
sigma 's' in initial position.
Usage: pees
8-shaped 's' at the end of a word. The letter is frequently slightly taller than the preceding graph.
Usage: Squier
upper case 'S'.
Usage: gentillesse
frequently long 's's and 'f's do not have very long descenders.
Usage: woot
'w' with extended curves above the graph.
Usage: Wyf
upper case 'W' for 'Wyf' in the rubric.
Usage: wille
'w' with closed head loops.
Usage: folwen
a rather cavalier treatment of 'w' in a rubric but typical of the scribe.
Usage: prayeres
'y' is almost always dotted. The left limb is usually vertical.
Usage: Yet
upper case 'Y' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: yeres
occasionally the tail of 'y' extends to join the next letter.
Usage: ffairyes
the variation in ink allows the procedure of letter formation to be seen.
Adam's marks
Usage: The 'maker' of the book takes his 'leue
Usage: Although not visible here it is often possible to see that Pinkhurst continues from his completion of the final letter to form his 'signing mark' at the same time.
Usage: The line of 'fillers' which Pinkhurst often adds where there is space after a rubric.
Usage: Reues
there are several examples of this upper case 'R' which is open at the top and the lead-in stroke to the left begins with a small mark similar to the fillers of version 3.
Barbed Wire Decoration
Usage: The
Usage: the
Usage: Nonnes
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP